Mapping Species Distributions


Compiled by

Jamie Fenneman
Wildlife Biologist and Ecologist
LGL Limited Environmental Research Associates
Sidney, BC

Note:  The synonyms or alternate scientific names presented below correspond to Volume I of the Illustrated Flora of British Columbia.  Coverage of Volumes II-VII will follow shortly.

Part I: Cupressaceae to Asclepidaceae


Callitropsis nootkatensis (D.Don) Oerst.

              Chamaecyparis nootkatensis (D.Don) Spach

              Cupressus nootkatensis D.Don in Lambert

              Thujopsis borealis Carr.

Xanthocyparis nootkatensis (D.Don) Farjon & Harder

Juniperus communis L.

              Juniperus communis L. ssp.alpina (Smith) Celakovsky

              Juniperus communis L. ssp.depressa (Pursh) Franco

              Juniperus communis L. ssp.nana (Willd.) Syme

              Juniperus communis L. var.depressa Pursh

              Juniperus communis L. var.jackii Rehder

              Juniperus communis L. var.montana Aiton

              Juniperus communis L. var.saxatilis Pallas

              Juniperis nana Willd.

Juniperus sibirica Burgsd.

Juniperus horizontalis Moench

              Juniperus horizontalis Moench var.glauca Hornibr.

              Juniperus horizontalis Moench var.variegata Beissner

              Juniperus hudsonica Forbes

              Juniperus prostrata Pers.     

              Juniperus repens Nutt.

              Juniperus sabina L. var.procumbens Pursh

              Juniperus sabina L. var.prostrata (Pers.) Loud.

              Juniperus virginiana L. var.prostrata (Pers.) Torr.

              Sabina horizontalis (Moench) Rydb.

              Sabina prostrata (Pers.) Antoine

Juniperus scopulorum Sarg.

              Juniperus scopulorum Sarg. ssp.patens Hitchcock

              Juniperus virginiana L. var.montana Vasey

              Juniperus virginiana L. var.scopulorum Lemmon

Sabina scopulorum (Sarg.) Rydb.

Thuja plicata Donn ex D.Don

              Thuja gigantea Nutt.

              Thuja lobbii Hort. ex Gord.

              Thuja menziesii Dougl. ex Endl.


Abies amabilis (Dougl. ex Loud.) Dougl. ex Forbes

              Abies grandis (Dougl. ex Loud.) Lindl. var.densifolia Engelm.

              Picea amabilis Dougl. ex Loud.

              Pinus amabilis Dougl.

Abies grandis (Dougl. ex D.Don) Lindl.

              Abies excelsior Franco

              Abies gordoniana Carr.

              Abies grandis (Dougl. ex D.Don) Lindl. var.grandis

              Abies grandis (Dougl. ex D.Don) Lindl. var.idahoensis Silba

              Picea grandis (Dougl. ex D.Don) Loud.

Pinus grandis Dougl. ex D.Don in Lambert            

Abies lasiocarpa (Hook.) Nutt. var.lasiocarpa

              Abies balsamea (L.) Mill. ssp.lasiocarpa (Hook.) Boivin

              Abies balsamea (L.) Mill. var.fallax (Engelm.) Boivin

              Abies bifolia A.Murray

              Abies subalpina Engelm.

              Abies subalpina Engelm. var.fallax Engelm.

              Pinus lasiocarpa Hook.

Larix laricina (DuRoi) K.Koch

              Larix alaskensis W.F.Wight

Larix americana Michx.

              Larix laricina (DuRoi) K.Koch var.alaskensis (W.Wight) Raup

              Pinus laricina DuRoi

Larix lyallii Parl.

Larix occidentalis Nutt.

Picea engelmannii Parry ex Engelm.

              Picea columbiana Lemmon

              Picea engelmannii Parry ex Engelm. var.glabra Goodman

Picea glauca (Moench) Voss ssp.engelmannii (Parry ex Engelm.) T.M.C.Tayl.

              Picea glauca (Moench) Voss var.engelmannii (Parry ex Engelm.)


Picea glauca (Moench) Voss

              Abies canadensis Miller

              Picea alba (Aiton) Link

              Picea alba (Aiton) Link var.albertiana (S.Br.) Beissner

              Picea albertiana S.Br.

              Picea canadensis (Miller) B.S.P.

              Picea canadensis (Miller) B.S.P. var.glauca (Moench) Sudw.

              Picea glauca (Moench) Voss ssp.glauca

Picea glauca (Moench) Voss var.albertiana (S.Brown) Sarg.

              Picea glauca (Moench) Voss var.densata Bailey

              Picea glauca (Moench) Voss var.porsildii Raup

              Pinus alba Aiton

              Pinus glauca Moench

Picea mariana (Miller) B.S.P.

              Abies mariana Miller

              Picea brevifolia Peck

              Picea mariana (Miller) B.S.P. var.brevifolia (Peck) Rehder

              Picea mariana (Miller) B.S.P. var.mariana

              Picea mariana (Miller) B.S.P. var.semiprostrata (Peck) Teeri

              Picea nigra (Aiton) Link

              Pinus nigra Aiton       

Picea sitchensis (Bong.) Carr.

              Abies falcata Raf.

Abies menziesii (Dougl. ex D.Don) Lindl.

Picea falcata (Raf.) Sur.

Picea menziesii (Dougl. ex D.Don) Carr.

Pinus menziesii Dougl. ex D.Don

Pinus sitchensis Bong.

Pinus albicaulis Engelm.

              Apinus albicaulis (Engelm.) Rydb.

              Pinus flexilis James var.albicaulis (Engelm.) Engelm.

Pinus banksiana Lamb.

              Pinus divaricata (Aiton) Dumort.

              Pinus sylvestris L. var.divaricata Aiton

Pinus contorta Dougl. ex Loud.

Pinus contorta Dougl. ex Loud. var.contorta

              Pinus boursieri Carr.

              Pinus tenuis Lemmon

Pinus contorta Dougl. ex Loud. var.latifolia Engelm. ex S.Wats.

              Pinus contorta Dougl. ex Loud. ssp.latifolia (Engelm.) Critch.

              Pinus divaricata (Aiton) Dumort.. var.hendersonii (Lemmon) Boivin

              Pinus divaricata (Aiton) Dumort. var.latifolia (Engelm. ex S.Wats.)


Pinus flexilis James

              Apinus flexilis (James) Rydb.

Pinus monticola Dougl. ex D.Don

              Pinus strobus L. var.monticola (Dougl. ex D.Don) Nutt.

              Strobus monticola (Dougl. ex D.Don) Rydb.   

Pinus ponderosa Dougl. ex P.& C.Lawson

Pinus beardsleyi Murray

Pinus benthamiana Hartw.   

Pinus brachyptera Engelm.

Pinus craigana Murray

Pinus engelmannii Torr.

Pinus parryana Gordon

Pinus ponderosa Dougl. ex P.&C.Lawson var.ponderosa

Pinus ponderosa Dougl. ex P.&C.Lawson var.scopulorum Engelm. in S.Wats.

Pinus scopulorum (Engelm.) Lemmon

              Pinus washoensis H.Mason & Stockw.

Pseudotsuga menziesii (Mirb.) Franco

              Abies menziesii Mirb.

              Abies mucronata Raf.

              Abies taxifolia Poiret

Pinus douglasii Sabine ex D.Don

              Pinus taxifolia Lamb.

              Pseudotsuga douglasii (Lindl.) Carr.

              Pseudotsuga flahaultii Flous

              Pseudotsuga macrolepis Flous

              Pseudotsuga mucronata (Raf.) Sudw.

              Pseudotsuga taxifolia (Lamb.) Britt.

Pseudotsuga menziesii (Mirb.) Franco var.glauca (Beissn.) Franco

Pseudotsuga caesia Schw.

Pseudotsuga douglasii (Lindl.) Carr. var.glauca Mayr

Pseudotsuga menziesii (Mirb.) Franco var.caesia (Schw.) Franco

Pseudotsuga menziesii (Mirb.) Franco var.menziesii

              Pseudotsuga menziesii (Mirb.) Franco var.viridis (Schw.) Franco

              Pseudotsuga taxifolia (Lamb.) Britt. var.viridis Mayr

Tsuga heterophylla (Raf.) Sarg.

              Abies albertiana A.Murray

              Abies heterophylla Raf.

              Tsuga albertiana (A.Murray) Sénécl.

Tsuga mertensiana (Bong.) Carr.

              Abies hookeriana A.Murray

              Abies pattoniana A.Murray

              Hesperopeuce mertensiana (Bong.) Rydb.

              Hesperopeuce pattoniana (A.Murray) Lemmon

              Picea hookeriana (A.Murray) Bertr.

              Pinus hookeriana (A.Murray) McNab

              Pinus mertensiana Bong.

              Pinus pattoniana (A.Murray) Parl.

              Tsuga crassifolia Flous

              Tsuga hookeriana (A.Murray) Carr.

              Tsuga pattoniana (A.Murray) Engelm. var.hookeriana (A.Murray)


              x Tsuga-Picea hookeriana (A.Murray) Van Campo-Duplan & Gaussen



Taxus brevifolia Nutt.

              Taxus baccata L. ssp.brevifolia (Nutt.) Pilg.

              Taxus baccata L. var.brevifolia (Nutt.) Koehne

              Taxus baccata L. var.canadensis Benth.

              Taxus bourcieri Carr.

              Taxus lindleyana A.Murray


Acer circinatum Pursh

Acer glabrum Torr. var.douglasii (Hook.) Dippel

              Acer douglasii Hook.

              Acer glabrum Torr. ssp.douglasii (Hook.) Wesmael

              Acer neo-mexicanum Greene

              Acer subserratum Greene

              Acer tripartitum Nutt.

Acer macrophyllum Pursh

Acer negundo L.

              Acer fraxinifolium Nutt.

              Acer interior Britt.

              Acer nuttallii Lyon

              Negundo aceroides (L.) Moench

              Negundo negundo (L.) Karst

              Negundo nuttallii Rydb.

              Rulac nuttallii Nieuwl.

Acer platanoides L.

              Acer platanoides L. var.schwedleri Nichols

Acer pseudoplatanus L.

              Acer pseudo-platanus L.



Adoxa moschatellina L.


Amaranthus albus L.

              Amaranthus albus L. var.pubescens (Uline & Bray) Fern.

              Amaranthus gracilentus Kung

              Amaranthus graecizans auct. non L. [misapplied]

              Amaranthus graecizans L. var.pubescens Uline & Bray

              Amaranthus littoralis Hornem.

              Amaranthus pubescens (Uline & Bray) Rydb.

Amaranthus blitoides S.Wats.

              Amaranthus graecizans auct. non L. [misapplied]

Amaranthus powellii S.Wats.

              Amaranthus bouchonii Thell.

              Amaranthus bracteosus Uline & Bray

              Amaranthus chlorostachys Willd.

              Amaranthus hybridus L. ssp.chlorostachys (Willd.) Hejny

              Amaranthus retroflexus L. var.powellii (S.Wats.) Boivin


Amaranthus retroflexus L.

              Amaranthus retroflexus L. var.salicifolius I.M.Johnst.


Rhus glabra L.

              Rhus borealis Greene

              Rhus calophylla Greene

              Rhus canadensis Mill.

              Rhus caroliniana Mill.

              Rhus cismontana Greene

              Rhus cismontana Greene var.flavescens Andrews

              Rhus elegans Aiton

              Rhus glabra L. var.cosmintana (Greene) Cockerell

              Rhus glabra L. var.laciniata Carr.

              Rhus glabra L. var.occidentalis Torr.

              Rhus hypselodendrum Moench

              Rhus occidentalis (Torr.) Blank.

              Schmaltzia glabra (L.) Small

              Toxicodendron glabrum (L.) Kuntze

Toxicodendron diversilobum (T. & G.) Greene

              Rhus diversiloba T. & G.

              Toxicodendron radicans (L.) Kuntze ssp.diversilobum (T. & G.)


Toxicodendron rydbergii (Small ex Rydb.) Greene

              Rhus radicans L. var.rydbergii (Small ex Rydb.) Rehd.

              Rhus radicans L. var.vulgaris (Michx.) DC.

              Rhus rydbergii (Small ex Rydb.) Greene

              Rhus toxicodendron L. var.vulgaris Michx.

              Toxicodendron desertorum Lundell

              Toxicodendron radicans (L.) Kuntze var.rydbergii (Small ex Rydb.)



Aegopodium podagraria L.

              Aegopodium podagraria L. var.variegatum L.H.Bailey

Anethum graveolens L.

              Anethum sowa Roxb. ex Fleming.

              Peucedanum graveolens (L.) C.B.Clarke

Angelica arguta Nutt.

              Angelica lyallii S.Wats.

              Angelica piperi Rydb.

Angelica dawsonii S.Wats.

Angelica genuflexa Nutt.

Angelica lucida L.

              Coelopleurum acutaefolium (Michx.) Coult. & Rose

              Coelopleurum gmelinii (DC.) Ledeb.

              Coelopleurum lucidum (L.) Fern.

              Coelopleurum lucidum (L.) Fern. ssp.gmelinii (DC.) A. & D. Löve

              Coelopleurum maritimum Coult. & Rose

              Coelopleurum longipes Coult. & Rose

Anthriscus caucalis Bieb.

              Anthriscus neglecta Boiss. & Reut.

              Anthriscus neglecta Boiss. & Reut. var.scandix (Scop.) Hyl.

              Anthriscus scandacina (G.Weber ex Wiggers) Mansf.

              Anthriscus vulgaris Pers.

              Chaerophyllum anthriscus Crantz

              Scandix anthriscus L.

Anthriscus cerefolium (L.) Hoffm.

              Anthriscus longirostris Bertol.

              Cerefolium cerefolium (L.) Schinz & Thellung

              Chaerophyllum sativum Lam.

              Scandix cerefolium L.

Anthriscus sylvestris (L.) Hoffm.

              Anthriscus sylvestris (L.) Hoffm. ssp.sylvestris

              Chaerefolium sylvestre (L.) Schinz & Thellung

              Chaerophyllum sylvestre L.

              Myrrhis chaerophylloides Hance

Berula erecta (Huds.) Cov.

              Berula erecta (Huds.) Cov. var.incisa (Torr.) Cronq.

              Berula incisa (Torr.) G.N.Jones

              Berula pusilla (Nutt. ex T. & G.) Fern.

              Siella erecta (Huds.) M.Pimen.

              Sium angustifolium L.

              Sium erectum Huds.  

              Sium incisum Torr.

              Sium pusillum Nutt. ex T. & G.

Bupleurum americanum Coult. & Rose

              Bupleurum sibiricum Vest ex Spreng. ssp.americanum (Coult. & Rose)


              Bupleurum triradiatum Adams ssp.arcticum (Reg.) Hult.

Carum carvi L.

              Apium carvi (L.) Crantz

              Bunium carum Bieb.

              Bunium carvi (L.) Bieb.

              Carum carvi L. var.gracile (Lindl.) H.Wolff

              Carum gracile Lindl.

              Carum officinale S.F.Gray

              Carum velenovskyi Rohl.

              Foeniculum carvi (L.) Link

              Ligusticum carvi (L.) Roth

              Sium carvi (L.) Bernh.

Cicuta bulbifera L.

Cicuta douglasii (DC.) Coult. & Rose

              Cicuta californica A.Gray

              Cicuta maculata L. var.californica (A.Gray) Boivin

              Cicuta vagans Greene

              Sium douglasii DC.

Cicuta maculata L.

              Cicuta ampla Greene

              Cicuta arguta Greene

              Cicuta dakotica Greene

              Cicuta dakotica Greene var.pseudovirosa Lunell

              Cicuta virosa L. var.maculata (L.) Coult. & Rose

              Cicutaria maculata (L.) Lam.

              Coriandrum maculatum (L.) Roth

Cicuta maculata L. var.angustifolia Hook.

              Cicuta occidentalis Greene

Cicuta maculata L. var.maculata

              Cicuta curtissii Coult. & Rose

              Cicuta maculata L. var.curtissii (Coult. & Rose) Fern.

              Cicuta mexicana Coult. & Rose

Cicuta virosa L.

              Cicuta mackenzieana Raup

              Selinum virosum (L.) Krause

Cnidium cnidiifolium (Turcz.) Schischk.

              Conioselinum cnidiifolium (Turcz.) Porsild

              Selinum dawsonii Coult. & Rose

Conioselinum gmelinii (Cham. & Schlecht.) Steud.

              Conioselinum chinense auct. non (L.) B.S.P. [misapplied]

              Conioselinum chinense (L.) B.S.P. var.pacificum (S.Wats.) Boivin

              Conioselinum pacificum (S.Wats.) Coult. & Rose

Conium maculatum L.

              Cicuta officinalis Crantz

              Coriandrum cicuta Crantz

              Coriandrum maculatum (L.) Roth

Daucus carota L.

              Daucus carota L. ssp.carota

              Daucus carota L. ssp.sylvestris (Mill.) Hyl.

              Daucus gingidium L.

Daucus pusillus Michx.

              Daucus brevifolius Raf.

Daucus fetidus Raf.

              Daucus microphyllus Hook.

              Daucus montevidensis Link ex Spreng.

              Daucus scadiophyllus Raf.

              Daucus pusillus Michx. var.microphyllus (Hook.) T. & G.

Eryngium planum L.

              Eryngium coeruleum Clarke. non Bieb.

Foeniculum vulgare P.Mill.

              Foeniculum azoricum Mill.

              Foeniculum capillaceum Gilib.

              Foeniculum commune Bubani

              Foeniculum dulce DC.

              Foeniculum foeniculum (L.) H.Karst

              Foeniculum officinale All.

              Foeniculum sativum Bertol.

              Foeniculum vulgare P.Mill ssp.silvestre (Brot.) Janchen

              Foeniculum vulgare P.Mill var.silvestre Presl

              Foeniculum vulgare P.Mill. ssp.vulgare

              Foeniculum vulgare P.Mill. var.vulgare

Glehnia littoralis F.Schmidt ex Miq. ssp.leiocarpa (Mathias) Hult.

              Cymopterus littoralis auct. non Gray  [misapplied]

              Glehnia leiocarpa Mathias

              Glehnia littoralis F.Schmidt ex Miq. var.leiocarpa (Mathias) Boivin

              Phellopterus littoralis Benth.

Heracleum mantegazzianum Sommier & Lev.

              Heracleum asperum Bieb.

              Heracleum caucasicum Steven

              Heracleum giganteum Fisch. ex Hornem.

              Heracleum laciniatum Hornem.

              Heracleum lehmannianum Bunge

              Heracleum panaces L.

              Heracleum persicum Desf. ex Fisch.

              Heracleum pubescens (Hoffm.) Bieb.

              Heracleum sibiricum Sphalm

              Heracleum speciosum Weinm.

              Heracleum stevenii Manden

              Heracleum tauricum Steven

              Heracleum villosum Fisch. ex Spreng.

              Pastinaca pubescens (Hoffm.) Calest.

              Sphondylium pubescens Hoffm.

Heracleum maximum Bartr.

              Heracleum douglasii DC.

              Heracleum lanatum Michx.

              Heracleum montanum Schleich. ex Gaudin

              Heracleum sphondylium L. ssp.lanatum (Michx.) Love & Love

              Heracleum sphondylium L. var.lanatum (Michx.) Dorn

              Heracleum sphondylium L. ssp.montanum (Schleich. ex Gaud.) Schz.

                     & Kell.

              Pastinaca lanatum (Michx.) Koso-Pol.

Ligusticum calderi Mathias & Const.

Ligusticum canbyi Coult. & Rose

              Ligusticum caeruleimontanum St.John

              Ligusticum leibergii Coult. & Rose

Ligusticum scoticum L. ssp.hultenii (Fern.) Cald. & Taylor

              Haloscias hultenii (Fern.) Holub

              Ligusticum hultenii Fern.

              Ligusticum scoticum L. var.hultenii (Fern.) Boivin

Ligusticum verticillatum (Geyer) Coult. & Rose ex Rose

Lilaeopsis occidentalis Coult. & Rose

              Crantziola occidentalis (Coult. & Rose) Koso-Pol.

              Lilaeopsis lineata (Michx.) Greene var.occidentalis (Coult. & Rose)


Lomatium ambiguum  (Nutt.) Coult. & Rose

              Cogswelia ambigua (Nutt.) M.E.Jones

              Eulophus ambiguus Nutt.

              Peucedanum ambiguum (Nutt.) Nutt. ex Torr. & Gray

Lomatium brandegeei (Coult. & Rose) J.P.Macbr.

              Cynomarathrum brandegeei Coult. & Rose

Lomatium dissectum (Nutt.) Mathias & Const.

Lomatium dissectum (Nutt.) Mathias & Const. var.dissectum

              Leptotaenia dissecta Nutt.

Lomatium dissectum (Nutt.) Mathias & Const. var.multifidum (Nutt.) Mathias

                       & Const.

              Leptotaenia multifida Nutt.

              Lomatium dissectum (Nutt.) Mathias & Const. var.eatonii (Coult. &

                       Rose) Cronq.

Lomatium foeniculaceum (Nutt.) Coult. & Rose var.foeniculaceum

              Cogswellia foeniculacea (Nutt.) Coult. & Rose

              Cogswellia villosa (Raf.) J.A.Schultes

              Lomatium foeniculaceum (Nutt.) Coult. & Rose ssp.foeniculaceum

              Lomatium foeniculaceum (Nutt.) Coult. & Rose ssp.macdougalii

                      (Coult. & Rose) Theo.      

Lomatium foeniculaceum (Nutt.) Coult. & Rose var.macdougalii (Coult. &

                       Rose) Cronq.

Lomatium geyeri (S.Wats.) Coult. & Rose

              Peucedanum evittatum Coult. & Rose

Lomatium grayi (Coult. & Rose) Coult. & Rose

              Cogswellia grayi (Coult. & Rose) Coult. & Rose

              Cogswellia millefolia (Wats.) M.E.Jones

              Lomatium grayi (Coult. & Rose) Coult. & Rose var.grayi

              Lomatium millefolium (Wats.) Macbr.

              Peucedanum grayi Coult. & Rose var.aberrans M.E.Jones

Lomatium macrocarpum (Nutt. ex T. & G.) Coult. & Rose

              Cogswellia macrocarpa (Nutt. ex  T. & G.) M.E.Jones

              Ferula macrocarpa H. & A.

              Lomatium macrocarpum (Nutt. ex T. & G.) Coult. & Rose

                       var.artemisiarum Piper

Lomatium macrocarpum (Nutt. ex T. & G.) Coult. & Rose var.ellipticum (T. &

                        G.) Jeps.

Peucedanum macrocarpum Nutt. ex T. & G.

Lomatium martindalei (Coult. & Rose) Coult. & Rose var.angustatum  Coult.

                         & Rose

              Lomatium angustatum (Coult. & Rose) St.John

              Lomatium angustatum (Coult. & Rose) St.John var.flavum G.N.Jones

              Lomatium martindalei (Coult. & Rose) Coult. & Rose

              Lomatium martindalei (Coult. & Rose) Coult. & Rose var.flavum

                        (G.N.Jones) Cronq.

              Lomatium martindalei (Coult. & Rose) Coult. & Rose var.martindalei

Lomatium nudicaule (Pursh) Coult. & Rose

              Cogswellia nudicaulis (Pursh) M.E.Jones

Lomatium sandbergii (Coult. & Rose) Coult. & Rose

              Peucedanum sandbergii Coult. & Rose

Lomatium triternatum (Pursh) Coult. & Rose

Lomatium triternatum (Pursh) Coult. & Rose ssp.platycarpum (Torr.) Cronq.

              Lomatium platycarpum (Torr.) Coult. & Rose

              Lomatium simplex (Nutt.) Macbr.

              Lomatium simplex (Nutt.) Macbr. var.simplex

Lomatium triternatum (Pursh) Coult. & Rose ssp.triternatum

              Lomatium triternatum (Pursh) Coult. & Rose var.triternatum

Lomatium utriculatum (Nutt. ex T. & G.) Coult. & Rose

              Lomatium vaseyi (Coult. & Rose) Coult. & Rose

              Peucedanum utriculatum Nutt. ex T. & G.

Myrrhis odorata (L.) Scop.

              Scandix odorata L.

Oenanthe sarmentosa Presl ex DC.

Osmorhiza berteroi DC.

              Osmorhiza brevipes (Coult. & Rose) Suksd.

              Osmorhiza chilensis H. & A.

              Osmorhiza divaricata (Britt.) Suksd.

              Osmorhiza nuda Torr.

              Osmorhiza nuda Torr. var.brevipes (Coult. & Rose) Jeps.

              Osmorhiza nuda Torr. var.divaricata (Britt.) Jeps.

              Scandix divaricata (Britt.) Koso-Pol.

              Washingtonia brevipes Coult. & Rose

              Washingtonia divaricata Britt.

              Washingtonia intermedia Rydb.

Osmorhiza depauperata Phil.

              Osmorhiza chilensis H. & A. var.cupressimontana (Boivin) Boivin

              Osmorhiza obtusa (Coult. & Rose) Fern.

              Washingtonia obtusa Coult. & Rose

Osmorhiza occidentalis (Nutt. ex T. & G.) Torr.

              Glycosma occidentalis Nutt. ex T. & G.

              Osmorhiza ambigua (Gray) Coult. & Rose

Osmorhiza purpurea  (Coult. & Rose) Suksd.

              Osmorhiza chilensis H. & A. var.purpurea (Coult. & Rose) Boivin

              Osmorhiza leibergii (Coult. & Rose) Blank.

              Washingtonia purpurea Coult. & Rose

Oxypolis occidentalis Coult. & Rose

Pastinaca sativa L.

              Pastinaca sativa L. var.pratensis Pers.

              Peucedanum sativum Benth. & Hook.

Perideridia gairdneri (H. & A.) Mathias

              Carum gairdneri (H. & A.) Gray

              Perideridia gairdneri (H. & A.) Mathias ssp.borealis Chuang & Const.

              Perideridia montana (Blank.) Dorn

Sanicula arctopoides H. & A.

              Sanicula crassicaulis Poepp. ex DC.  var.howellii (Coult. & Rose)


              Sanicula x howellii (Coult. & Rose) Shan & Const.

Sanicula bipinnatifida Dougl. ex Hook.

              Sanicula bipinnatifida Dougl. ex Hook. var.flava Jeps.

Sanicula crassicaulis Poepp. ex DC. var.crassicaulis

Sanicula europaea L.

              Astrantia diapensia Scop.

              Caucalis capiatata Salisb.

              Sanicula officinarum Neck.

              Sanicula trilobata Gilib.

Sanicula graveolens Poepp. ex DC.

              Sanicula graveolens Poepp. ex DC. var.septentrionalis (Greene)


              Sanicula nevadensis S.Wats.

              Sanicula nevadensis S.Wats. var.septentrionalis (Greene) Mathias

              Sanicula septentrionalis Greene

Sanicula marilandica L.

              Sanicula marilandica L. var.petiolulata Fern.

Scandix pecten-veneris L.

Sium suave Walt.

              Apium cicutifolium (Schrank) Benth. & Hook.

              Critamus dauricus Hoffm.

              Falcaria dahurica DC.

              Sium brevifolium Schrank

              Sium cicutifolium Schrank

              Sium floridanum Small

              Sium heterophyllum Greene

              Sium lineare Michx.

              Sium rugosum Raf.

              Sium suave Walt. var.floridanum (Small) C.F.Reed

Torilis arvensis (Huds.) Link

              Caucalis arvensis Huds.

              Caucalis trifida Hoffm.

              Torilis arvensis (Huds.) Link ssp.arvensis

              Torilis arvensis (Huds.) Link ssp.divaricata Thell.

              Torilis helvetica Gmel.

              Torilis infesta Clairv.

Torilis japonica (Houtt.) DC.

              Caucalis anthriscus Scop.

              Caucalis aspera Lam.

              Caucalis elata D.Don

              Caucalis japonica Houtt.

              Daucus anthriscus Baill.

              Selinum torilis Krause

              Tordylium anthriscus L.

              Torilis anthriscus (L.) Gmel.

              Torilis convexa Dulac

              Torilis rubella Moench

              Torilis stricta Wibel

Yabea microcarpa (H. & A.) K.-Pol.

              Caucalis microcarpa H. & A.

Zizia aptera  (A.Gray) Fern.

              Thaspium trifoliatum (L.) A.Gray var.apterum A.Gray

              Zizia aptera (A.Gray) Fern. var.occidentalis Fern.

              Zizia cordata Koch ex DC.


Apocynum androsaemifolium L.

Apocynum androsaemifolium L. var.androsaemifolium

              Apocynum ambigens Greene

              Apocynum androsaemifolium L. ssp.androsaemifolium

              Apocynum androsaemifolium L. var.glabrum Macoun

              Apocynum androsaemifolium L. var.incanum DC.

              Apocynum incanum (DC.) Greene

              Apocynum macranthum Rydb.

              Apocynum scopulorum Greene ex Rydb.

Apocynum androsaemifolium L. var.pumilum A.Gray

Apocynum androsaemifolium L. ssp.pumilum (A.Gray) Boivin

Apocynum pumilum (A.Gray) Greene

Apocynum cannabinum L.

              Apocynum cannabinum L. var.glaberrimum DC.

              Apocynum cannabinum L. var.suksdorfii (Greene) Bég. & Bél.

              Apocynum hypericifolium Aiton

              Apocynum pubescens Mitch. ex R.Br.

              Apocynum sibiricum Jacq.

              Apocynum sibiricum Jacq. var.salignum (Greene) Fern.

              Apocynum suksdorfii Greene

Apocynum x floribundum Greene

             Apocynum jonesii Woods.

            Apocynum medium Greene

            Apocynum medium Greene var.floribundum (Greene) Woods.

            Apocynum milleri Britt.

Vinca major L.

              Vinca balcanica Penzes

              Vinca major L. var.variegata Loud.

Vinca minor L.

              Pervinca minor Scop.

              Vinca acutifolia Bertol. ex Koch

              Vinca ellipticifolia Stokes

              Vinca humilis Salisb.

              Vinca intermedia Tausch.


Ilex aquifolium L.

              Ilex balearica Desf.


Aralia nudicaulis L.

Hedera helix L.

              Hedera helix L. ssp.helix

Oplopanax horridus (Smith) Miq.

              Echinopanax horridus (Smith) Dcne. & Planch.

              Fatsia horrida (Smith) Benth. & Hook.

              Panax horridus Smith

              Ricinophyllum horridum Nels. & Macbr.



Asarum caudatum Lindl.

              Asarum caudatum Lindl. var.caudatum

              Asarum hookeri Field. & Gardn.

              Asarum rotundifolium Raf.



Asclepias ovalifolia Dcne.

Asclepias speciosa Torr.

              Asclepias douglasii Hook.

              Asclepias giffordii Eastw.



Recommended citation:  Author, date, page title. In: Klinkenberg, Brian. (Editor) 2021. E-Flora BC: Electronic Atlas of the Flora of British Columbia []. Lab for Advanced Spatial Analysis, Department of Geography, University of British Columbia, Vancouver. [Date Accessed]

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