THE TREES OF BRITISH COLUMBIA:
NATIVE AND NATURALIZED
Big-leaf Maple (Acer macrophyllum) , photo by Kevin Newell
There are more than fifty species of native trees, and several subspecies and varieties, found in British Columbia. In addition, there are several naturalized species (cultivated species that are spreading in the wild) now reported from the province. The list below aims to provide a quick overview of the tree species of British Columbia, both native and naturalized. The list is presently under review, and more will be added shortly.
While identification of our tree species might seem simple at first, there are groups that can be difficult to identify. This is a result of morphological similarity (e.g. willows) and hybridization (e.g. birches). This can make identification challenging, even for expert botanists.
Big Trees of BC
BC Biodiversity: Trees of BC
The Tree Book: Learning to Recognize Trees in British Columbia) (BC Ministry of Forests and Range
Brayshaw, Christopher. 1996a. Trees and Shrubs of British Columbia. Royal BC Museum, Victoria.
Brayshaw, Christopher. 1996b. Catkin-bearing Plants of British Columbia. Royal British Columbia Museum, Victoria.
Johnson, Derek, Linda Kershaw, Andy MacKinnon and Jim Pojar. Plants of the Western Boreal Forest and Aspen Parkland.
MacKinnon, Andy, Jim Pojar and Ray Coupe. Plants of Northern British Columbia. Lone Pine Publishing, Victoria.
Parish, R., R. Coupé, D. Lloyd (eds.). 1996. Plants of Southern Interior British Columbia. B.C. Ministry of Forests and Lone Pine Publishing, Victoria.
Pojar, Jim and Andy Mackinnon. 1997. Plants of Coastal British Columbia, including Washington, Oregon and Alaska. Lone Pine Publishing, Vancouver.