Mapping Species Distributions

BOTANICAL REFERENCES


Shortspur seablush (Plectritis congesta subsp. congesta), photo by Adolf Ceska

A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P R S T U V W Y

A

Alverson, E. 1986.  Status report on Cimicifuga elata.  Washington Natural Heritage Program. (unpublished).

Ammirati, Joseph F., James A. Traquair and Paul A. Horgen. (1985).  Poisonous Mushrooms of the Northern United States and Canada. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press.

Anderson, R.C. 1994. Height of white-flowered trillium (Trillium grandiflorum) as an index of deer browsing intensity. Ecological Applications 4:104-109.

Anderson, J.E., and R. Inouye.  2001.  Landscape-scale changes in plant species abundance and biodiversity of a sagebrush steppe over 45 years.  Ecological Monographs 71(4):531-556.

Antos, Joseph A. and Donald B. Zobel.  1984.  Ecological implications of belowground morphology of nine coniferous forest herbs.  Botanical Gazette 145 (4):  508-517.

Argus, G. W.  1965.  An endemic subspecies of Salix reticulata L. from the Queen Charlotte Islands, British Columbia.  Canadian Journal of Botany  43:  1021 - 1024.

Argus, G.W. 1965. The taxonomy of the Salix glauca L. complex in North America. Contr. Gray Herb. 196: 1-142.

Argus, G. W. 1971.  A necessary name change for jack pine: Pinus divaricata in lieu of P. banksiana. Canadian Journal of Botany 49:  573 - 576.

Argus, G.W. 1974. A new species of Salix from northern British Columbia. Canadian Journal of Botany 52: 1303-1304.

Argus, G. W. and T. C. Brayshaw.  1987.  Noteworthy records, British Columbia.  Salix tweedyiMadrono 34:  268.

Atkinson, Scott and Fred Sharpe.  1985. Wild Plants of the San Juan Islands.  2nd edition.  The Mountaineers/San Juan Preservation Trust, Seattle.

Atwood, L. B. and Krannitz, P. G. 2000.  Effect of the microbiotic crust of the Antelope-Brush (Purshia tridentata) shrub steppe on soil moisture.  In: L. M. Darling (ed.).  At Risk: Proceedings on a Conference on the Biology and Management of Species and Habitats at Risk.  Feb. 15 - 19, 1999.  University College of the Cariboo and British Columbia Ministry of Environment, Lands and Parks.
 

B

Banner, A., Hebda, R.J., Oswald, E.T., Pojar, J., and Trowbridge, R. 1988. Wetlands of Pacific Canada. Pages 305-346. In: Wetlands of Canada. National Wetlands Working Group, Ecological Land Classification Series, No. 24. Sustainable Development Branch, Environment Canada, Ottawa, Ont. and Polyscience Publications Inc., Montreal.

Banner, A., Pojar, J., and Kimmins, J.P. 1987. The bog-forest complex of north-coastal British Columbia. Pages 483-491. In Proc. symp. '87: wetlands/peatlands. Edmonton, Alberta. Compiled by C.D.A. Rubec and R.P. Overend. Edmonton, AB. 704 pp.

Banner, A., Pojar, J., and Rouse, G.E. 1983. Post glacial paleoecology and successional relationships of a bog woodland near Prince Rupert, British Columbia. Canadian Journal of Forest Research 13: 938-947.

Banner, A., Pojar, J., and Trowbridge, R. 1983. Ecosystem classification of the Coastal Western Hemlock Zone, Queen Charlotte Island Wetter Subzone (CWHqc) in the Prince Rupert Forest Region, British Columbia. 255 pp. [Report. British Columbia Ministry of Forests. Smithers, B.C.]

Banner, A., Pojar, J., and Trowbridge, R. 1986. Representative wetland types of the northern part of the Pacific Oceanic Wetland Region. British Columbia Ministry of Forests. Victoria, B.C. 50 pp.

Barneby, R. C. 1964.  Atlas of North American Astragalus  Part I.  The Phacoid and Homaloboid Astragali.  Memoirs of the New York Botanical Garden.  13:  1 - 596.

Barneby, R. C. 1964.  Atlas of North American Astragalus  Part II.  The Cercidothrix, Hypoglottis, Piptolodoid, Trimeniaeus and Orophaca Astragali. Memoirs of the New York Botanical Garden.  13:  597 - 1188.

Beese, W. J. 1983.  White Malaxis, Malaxis monophyllos var. diphyllos, an addition to the orchids of Canada from the Queen Charlotte Islands, British Columbia.  Canadian Field Naturalist 97: 215 - 216.

Benson, Lyman.  1936.  Pacific States Ranunculi.  I.  American Journal of Botany 23 (1):  26-33.

Benson, Lyman.  1936.  Pacific States Ranunculi  I & II. A full treatment of the species occurring in Washington, Oregon and California.   American Journal of Botany 23:  26-33, 169-176.

Benson, Lyman.  1941.   North American Ranunculi-I.  Bulletin of the Torrey Botanical Club.  68 (3):  157-172.

Benson L. 1942.  North American Ranunculi IV.  Torrey Botanical Club Bulletin 69: 298-316, 373-86.

Benson, Lyman.  1948.  A treatise on the North American Ranunculi.  American Midland Naturalist 40: 1-261.

Bird, C.D. & R.D. Bird. 1973. Lichens of Saltspring Island. Syesis 6: 57-80.

Brayshaw, T. C. 1989.  Buttercups, waterlilies, and their relatives (the Order Ranales) in British Columbia, Victoria.  [Royal British Columbia Museum Memoir 1]

Brodo, I.M. 1995. Lichens and lichenicolous fungi of the Queen Charlotte Islands, British Columbia, Canada. 1. Introduction and new records for B.C., Canada and North America. Mycotaxon 56: 135-173.

Brodo, I.M. & T. Ahti. 1996. Lichens and lichenicolous fungi of the Queen Charlotte Islands, British Columbia, Canada. 2. The Cladoniaceae. Canadian Journal of Botany 74(7): 1147-1180.

Brodo, I.M. & R. Santesson. 1997. Lichens of the Queen Charlotte Islands, British Columbia, Canada. 3. Marine species of Verrucaria (Verrucariaceae, Ascomycotina). J. Hattori Bot. Lab. 82: 27-37.

Brunton, D. F.  1983.  Status report on the mosquito fern Azolla mexicana in Canada.  Committee on the Status of Endangered Wildlife in Canada.  Ottawa.

Brunton, D. F. 1986.  Status of Giant Helleborine Epipactis gigantea (Orchidaceae), in Canada.  Canadian Field Naturalist 100: 414-417.

Brunton, D. F.  1994.  Status report on Bolander's quillwort Isoetes bolanderi Engelm. in Canada.  Committee on the Status of Endangered Wildlife in Canda. Ottawa.
 

C

Cahill, J. F., Jr. J.P. Castelli and BB Casper. 2002. "Further examination of the herbivory uncertainty principle: Separating the effects of visiting and touching plants." American Journal of Botany 90: 1401-1409.

Cahill, J. F., Jr, J.P. Castelli and B. B. Casper. 2001. "The herbivory uncertainty principle: Visiting plants can alter herbivory." Ecology 82: 307-312.

Calder, J.A., and Taylor, R.L. 1963. A new species of Isopyrum endemic to the Queen Charlotte Islands of British Columbia and its relation to other species in the genus. Madroño 17: 69-76.

Calder, J.A., and Taylor, R.L. 1965. New taxa and nomenclatural changes with respect to the flora of the Queen Charlotte Islands, British Columbia. Canadian Journal of Botany 43: 1387-1400.

Calder, J.A., and Taylor, R.L. 1968. Flora of the Queen Charlotte Islands, part 1. Systematics of the vascular plants. Queen's Printer, Ottawa. 659 pp.

Campbell, E. and J. Antos.  2003.  Postfire succession in Pinus albicaulis - Abies lasiocarpa forests of southern British Columbia. Canadian Journal of Botany/Rev. Can. Bot. 81(4):383-397.

Catling, P.M., Reznicek, A.A., and Crins, W.J. 1990. Systematics and ecology of the genus Carex (Cyperaceae): introduction. Canadian Journal of Botany 68: 1405-1408.

Ceska, A. 1975. Additions to the adventive flora of Vancouver Island, British Columbia. Canadian Field-Naturalist 89: 451-453.

Ceska, A. 1979. Northeast coal study area 1977-1978: a list of vascular plant species. RAB Bulletin No. 11, Ministry of the Environment, Victoria. 37 pp.

Ceska, Adolf.  1986.  An annotated list of rare and uncommon vascular plants of the Victoria area.  The Victoria Naturalist  42 (5):  1- 15.

Ceska, A., and M. A. M. Bell. 1973. Utricularia (Lentibulariaceae) in the Pacific Northwest. Madroño 22: 74-84.

Ceska, A. and O. Ceska.  1980.  Additions to the flora of British Columbia. Canadian Field-Naturalist  94:  69 - 74.

Ceska, A., and Ceska, O. 1987. Comments on `Techniques for collecting aquatic and marsh plants' by Robert R. Haynes. Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 73: 825-827.

Ceska, A., and Ceska, O. 1987. Status report on the Macoun's meadowfoam (Limnanthes macounii Trel.). [Report. For the Committee on the Status of Endangered Wildlife in Canada, Ottawa, Ont.]

Ceska, Adolf and Oluna Ceska.   1997.  New Species for British Columbia:  Clarkia viminea (Onagraceae).  Botanical Electronic News 171, July 30, 197l.

Ceska, Adolf and Oluna Ceska. 1999.  Limnanthes macounii:  the end of an endemic species.  Botanical Electronic News 225, June 7, 1999.

Ceska, A., Ceska, O., and van Dieren, W. 1984. Oregon ash in B.C. B.C. Naturalist 22 (4): 17.

Ceska, A., and P. D. Warrington. 1976. Myriophyllum farwellii (Haloragaceae) in British Columbia. Rhodora 78: 75-78.

Ceska, O., and Ceska, A. 1986. Myriophyllum (Haloragaceae) in British Columbia: problems with identification. Pages 39-50. In: Proc. first int. symp. watermilfoil (Myriophyllum spicatum ) and related Haloragaceae species. Edited by L.W.J. Anderson. Aquatic Plant Management Society, Vicksburgh, Mississippi. 223 pp.

Ceska, O., Ceska, A., and Warrington, P.D. 1986. Myriophyllum quitense and Myriophyllum ussuriense (Haloragaceae) in British Columbia. Brittonia 38: 73-81.

Chuang, C. C. 1974.  Lewisia tweedyi:  a plant record for Canada.  Syesis 7: 259 - 260.

Clampitt, C.A.  1987.  Reproductive biology of Aster curtus, Asteraceae, a Pacific Northwest endemic.  American Journal of Botany 74(6):941-946

Cody, W.J. 1967. Elymus sibiricus (Gramineae) new to British Columbia. Can. Field-Nat. 81: 275.

Collins, B. S., K. P. Dunne and S. T. A. Pickett.  1985.  Responses of Forest Herbs to Canopy Gaps.  In:  Pickett, S. T. A., and P. S. White (eds.) 1985.  The Ecology of Natural Disturbance and Patch Dynamics. Academic Press, New York, pp 3-13.

Compton, James Alwyne.  1998.  Systematics and Taxonomy of North American Species of Cimicifuga.  Botanical Eletronic News No. 189, April 14, 1998.

Compton, J. A., A. Culham and S. L. Jury.  1998.  Reclassification of Cimicifuga to include Cimicifuga and Souliea (Ranunculaceae): phylogeny inferred from morphology, nrDNA and cpDNA trnL-F sequence variation.  Taxon 47: 593 - 634.

Costanza, Brenda.  2002.  Stewardship Account for dense spike-primrose (Epilobium densiflorum).  BC Conservation Data Centre and the Garry Oak Ecosytems Recovery Team,Victoria.

Costanza, Brenda.  2002.  Stewardship Account for Kellogg's rush (Juncus kelloggii Engelm.).  British Columbia Conservation Data Centre and the Garry Oak Ecosystem Recovery Team, Victoria.

Cronquist, A. 1943.  Revision of the western North American species of Aster centering about Aster foliaceous  Lindl. American Midland Naturalist  29:  419 - 468.

Cronquist, A., 1955.  Vascular Plants of the Pacific Northwest, Part 5. Seattle:  University of Washington Press.

Cumming, S. G., P. J. Burton and B. Klinkenberg.  1996. Boreal mixedwood forests may have no representative' areas:  some implications for reserve design.  Ecography  19: 162-180.

Cumming, S. G., P. J. Burton, M. Joy, B. Klinkenberg, F. K. Schmiegelow, and J. N. M. Smith.  1995.  Experimental habitat fragmentation and simulation of landscape dynamics in the Boreal Mixedwood: a pilot study.  Forestry Canada and the Alberta Forest Service PAIF Report, 75 pp.
 

D

Davis, Trevor, Brian Klinkenberg and C. Peter Keller.  2004..  Evaluating Restoration Success on Lyell Island, British Columbia using oblique videogrammetry.  Restoration Ecology 12 (3): 447-455.

Davis, Trevor, Brian Klinkenberg and C. Peter Keller.  2002.  Updating Inventory through Data Fusion.  Journal of Forestry. 100 (3): 45-50.

Davis, T., Keller, C. P., and B. Klinkenberg.  1999. A preliminary evaluation of the Lyell Island Rehabilitation Project.  Report submitted to the Archipelago Management Board, Gwaii Haana.  Queen Charlotte City, BC. 32 pgs.

Dempster, L. T.  1976.  Galium mexicanum  (Rubiaceae) of Central America and Western North America.  Madrono 23:  378 - 386.

Denton, M. F. 1978.  Ranunculus californicus, a new record for the state of Washington.  Madrono 25: 132.

Dixon, Philip M.  2001.A multistage approach to population monitoring for rare plant populations.  Natural Areas Journal 21:  111-116.

Douglas, G. W., G. B. Straley and D. Meidinger. 1994.  The Vascular Plants of British Columbia.  Part 4 -- Monocotyledons.  Special Report Series 4.  British Columbia Ministry of Forests.  Victoria.

Douglas, G.W. 1996. Endemic vascular plants of British Columbia and immediately adjacent regions. Canadian Field-Naturalist 110 (3): 387-391.

Douglas, G.W. ????. Status report on the Rabbit-brush goldenweed (Ericameria bloomeri [A. Gray] J.F. Mcbride) in Canada. Unpublished report submitted to the Committee on the Status of Endangered Wildlife in Canada, Ottawa. 21 pp.

Douglas, G.W., Ceska, A., and Ruyle, G.G. 1983. A floristic bibliography for British Columbia. Land Management Report No. 15, British Columbia Ministry of Forests, Victoria. 142 pp.

Douglas, G. W. and J. M. Illingworth. 1994. Status report on the White-top aster, Aster curtus Cronq. Unpublished report submitted to the Committee on the Status of Endangered Wildlife in Canada, Ottawa. 20 pp.

Douglas, G.W. & J.M. Illingworth. 1998. Status of the Water-plantain Buttercup, Ranunculus alismifolius var. alismifolius (Ranunculaceae), in Canada. Canadian Field-Naturalist 112 (2): 280-283.

Douglas, G.W. & J.M. Illingworth. 1997. Status of the White-top Aster, Aster curtus (Asteraceae), in Canada. Canadian Field-Naturalist 111 (4): 622-627.

Douglas, G. W. and J. A. Jamison.  2001.  Status of Scouler's Corydalis, Corydalis scouleri (Fumariaceae) in Canada.  Canadian Field Naturalist  115:  4550459.

Douglas, G.W., F. Lomer, & H.L. Roemer. 1998. New or rediscovered native vascular plant species in British Columbia. Canadian Field-Naturalist 112 (2): 276-279.

Douglas, George W., Del Meidinger and Jenifer Penny.  2002. Rare Native Vascular Plants of British Columbia.  Province of British Columbia.  Victoria.

Douglas, G.W. & M.J.Oldham. 1999. Status report on the Scarlet Ammannia (Ammannia robusta Heer & Regel) in Canada. Unpublished report submitted to the Committee on the Status of Endangered Wildlife in Canada, Ottawa. 21 pp.

Douglas, G.W. & M.J.Oldham. 1999. Status report on the Toothcup (Rotala ramosior (L.) Koehne in von Martius) in Canada. Unpublished report submitted to the Committee on the Status of Endangered Wildlife in Canada, Ottawa. 21 pp.

Douglas, G. W., J. Pojar, D. Meidinger, and K. McKeown. 1994. Rare vascular plant collections from the St. Elias Mountains, northwestern British Columbia. Canadian Field-Naturalist 108(4):391-396.

Douglas, G.W. & M. Ryan. 1999. Status of the Golden Paintbrush, Castilleja levisecta (Scrophulariaceae) in Canada. Canadian Field-Naturalist 113(2):299-301.

Douglas, G.W. & M. Ryan. 1998. Status of the Yellow Montane Violet, Viola praemorsa ssp. praemorsa (Violaceae) in Canada. Canadian Field-Naturalist 112 (3) (in press).

Douglas, G.W., Straley, G.B., and Meidinger, D. 1989. The vascular plants of British Columbia. Part I: Gymnosperms and dicotyledons (Aceraceae - Cucurbitaceae). British Columbia Ministry of Forests, Victoria. 208 pp.

Douglas, G.W., Straley, G.B., and Meidinger, D. 1990. The vascular plants of British Columbia. Part II: Dicotyledons (Diapensiaceae - Portulacaceae). British Columbia Ministry of Forests, Victoria. 158 pp.

Douglas, G.W., Straley, G.B., and Meidinger, D. 1991. The vascular plants of British Columbia. Part III: Dicotyledons (Primulaceae - Zygophyllaceae) and Pteridophytes. British Columbia Ministry of Forests, Victoria. 177 pp.

Douglas, G.W., G.B. Straley, & D.V. Meidinger. 1998. Rare Native Vascular Plants of British Columbia. B.C. Ministry of Environment, Lands & Parks. Victoria. 423 p.

Dunn, D. B.  1956. The breeding systems of Lupinus, group micranthi.  American Midland Naturalist 55: 443-472.

Dunn, d. B. and J. M. Gillett.  1966.  The lupines of Canada and Alaska.  Monograph No. 2.  Canada Department of Agriculture.  Ottawa.
 

E

Eastham, J. W.  1947.  Supplement to the flora of southern British Columbia.  British Columbia Provincial Museum Special Publication No. 1.  Victoria. 119 pp.

Egan, B., C. Cadrin, and S. Cannings. 1997. Cottonwood Riparian Ecosystems of the Southern Interior. [Ecosystems at Risk in British Columbia series]. Ministry of Environment, Lands and Parks, Victoria, B.C.

Eriksson, O. 1996. Regional dynamics of plants: A review of evidence for remnant, source-sink and metapopulations. Oikos 77:248-258.

Erikson, W. 1993. Garry Oak ecosystems. [Ecosystems at Risk in British Columbia series (project management by CDC)]. Ministry of Environment, Lands and Parks, Victoria, B.C.

Evans, Margaret Eleanor Katherine. 1992.  Breeding systems of tall bugbane Cimicifuga eleata (Ranunculuceae).  Reed College Division of Mathematics and Natural Sciences, Sandy River Research Report. (unpublished)

Evans, Margaret Eleanor Katherine.  1993.  Allozyme variation, population genetic structure and inbreeding in a rare plant, Cimicifuga elata (Ranunculaceae).  B.A. thesis, Reed College Division of Mathematics and Natural Sciences (unpublished).
 

F

Fairbarns, Matt, Brian Klinkenberg and Rose Klinkenberg. Status Report for California Buttercup (Ranunculus californicus) in Canada. Parks Canada Service, Victoria.

Fairbarns, Matt and Kathleen Wilkinson.  2002.  Stewardship Account for Scouler's Catchfly (Silene scouleri ssp. grandis). British Columbia Conservation Data Centre and the Garry Oak Ecosystems Recovery Team, Victoria.

Fisher, F. J. F., J. A. Rowley and C. J. Marchant.  1973.  The biogeography of the western snow-patch Ranunculi of North America.  C. R. Societe de Biogeographie 438.

Flynn, S. 1999. Coastal Douglas-fir Ecosystems. [Ecosystems at Risk in British Columbia series]. Ministry of Environment, Lands and Parks, Victoria, B.C.

Fontaine, M. and G. Douglas. 1999. Rare Grassland Plants. [Wildlife at Risk in British Columbia series]. Ministry of Environment, Lands and Parks, Victoria, B.C.

Fontaine, M. and G. Douglas. 1999. Rare Forest Plants of Southern British Columbia. [Wildlife at Risk in British Columbia series]. Ministry of Environment, Lands and Parks, Victoria, B.C.

Ford, B.A., Ball, P.W., and Ritland, K. 1991. Allozyme diversity and genetic relationships among North American members of the short-beaked taxa of Carex sect. Vesicariae (Cyperaceae). Syst. Bot. 16: 116-131.

Ford, Shane and Matt Fairbarns.  2002.  Stewardship account for dense-flowered lupine.  BC Conservation Data Centre and the Garry Oak Ecosystems Recovery Team.

Franklin, F. J. and C. T. Dyrness.  1973.  Natural Vegetation of Oregon and Washington. USDA  Forest Services General Technical Report. PNW-8

Fredericksen, S.  1979.  Festuca minutiflora Rydb., a neglected species.  Bot. Not. 132:  315-318.

Frederiksen, S. & Pavlick, L.E. (1982). Festuca saximontana Rydb.var. purpusiana (St. Yves). In. S. Frederiksen. Festuca brachyphlla, F. saximontana and related species in North America. Nordic Journal of Botany 2 (6), 525-536.
 

G

Gamiet, S. and S.M. Berch. 1992. Fungi of old growth forests in B.C. N.W. Env. J. 8:168-170.

Ganders, Fred R., Mary Berbee and Mona Pirseyedi, 2000.  ITS base sequence phylogeny in Bidens (Asteraceae): Evidence for the continental relatives of Hawaiian and Marquesan Bidens.  Systematic Botany 25(1): 122-133.

Ganders, F.R., and Griffiths, A.J.F. 1981. Genetics of British Columbia wildflowers. I. Mutations. Davidsonia 12: 38-49.

Ganders, Fred R., Helen Kennedy and Frank Lomer, (in prep.). Fraser Valley Flora.  Unpublished manuscript in progress.

Ganders, F. R. and K. M. Nagata.  1990.  Bidens.  IN:  Wagner, W., D. R. Herbst and S. H. Sohmer (eds.). Manual of the flowering plants of Hawaii.  Honolulu:  University of Hawaii Press. pp. 267-283.

Ganders, Fred, Rose Klinkenberg and Brian Klinkenberg.  2002.  British Columbia loses an endemic species: Bidens amplissima (Asteraceae) also occurs in Washington State. Botanical Electronic News, Number 293, July 12, 2002.

Ganders, Fred, Brian Klinkenberg and Rose Klinkenberg.  2003  Taxonomy in Conservation Biology:  Investigating the Enigmatic Vancouver Island Beggarticks.  Davidsonia 14 (3): 63-70.

Gauvin, C. 1984.  Status report on the False Mermaid Floerkia prosperinacoides.  Committee on the Status of Endangered Wildlife in Canada, Ottawa.

Goward, T. 1993. Notes on the lichens of the Tatshenshini and Alsek Valleys (preliminary report). Unpublished paper, Clearwater, B.C. 23 pp.

Goward, T.   1995.  Lichens of British Columbia: Rare Species and Priorities for Inventory.  MoF, Research Program and MoELP, Wildlife Branch.  Working Paper.   34 pp. 

Goward, T. 1996. Lichens of British Columbia: Rare Species and Priorities for Inventory. Res. Br., B.C. Min. For. and Hab. Protect. Br., B.C. Min. Environ., Lands and Parks, Victoria, B.C.

Goward. T. 1999.  Lichens of British Columbia, Illustrated Keys. Part 2: Fruticose Species.  MoF Forestry Division Service Branch, Special Report No.9.  319 pp. 

Goward, T. & T. Ahti. 1992. Macrolichens and their zonal distribution in Wells Gray Provincial Park and its vicinity, British Columbia, Canada. Acta Bot. Fennica 147: 1-60.

Goward, T., I.M. Brodo & S.R. Clayden. 1998. Rare Lichens of Canada. A Review and Provisional Listing. Committee on the Status of Endangered Wildlife in Canada Report. 74 pp.

Goward, T., O. Breuss, B. Ryan, B. McCune, H. Sipman & C. Scheidegger. 1996. Notes on the lichens and allied fungi of British Columbia. III. The Bryologist 99(4): 439-449.

Goward, T., P. Diederich & R. Rosentreter. 1994. Notes on the lichens and allied fungi of British Columbia. II. The Bryologist 97(1): 56-62.

Goward, T. & B. Goffinet. 1993. Nephroma silvae-veteris, a new lichen (Ascomycotina) from the Pacific Northwest of North America. The Bryologist 96(2): 242-244.

Goward, T,  B. McCune, D. V. Meidinger.   1994.  The Lichens of British Columbia: Illustrated Keys. Part 1: Foliose and Squamulose Species; MoF, Research Program, Special Report No. 8. 181 pp. 

Goward, T. & W.B. Schofield. 1983. The lichens and bryophytes of Burns Bog, Fraser Delta, southwestern British Columbia. Syesis 16: 53-69.

Goward, T. & G. Thor. 1992. Notes on the lichens and allied fungi of British Columbia. I. The Bryologist 95(1): 33-37.

Graham, S. A.  1979.  The origin of Ammannia x coccinea Rottboell.  Taxon 28: 169 - 178.

Grilz, P. L.; Romo, J. T. 1994. Water relations and growth of Bromus inermis Leyss (smooth sumac) following spring or autumn burning in a fescue prairie. The American Midland Naturalist. 132(2): 340-348.

Grilz, Perry L.; Romo, J. T. 1995. Management considerations for controlling smooth brome in fescue prairie. Natural Areas Journal. 15(2): 148-156.

Grilz, Perry L.; Romo, James T.; Young, James A. 1994. Comparative germination of smooth brome and plains rough fescue. Prairie Naturalist. 26(2): 157-170.


H

Harrod, R. et al.  1997.  Effects of the Rat and Hatchery Creek [WA] fires on four rare plant spp.  Proceedings: Fire effects on Rare and Threatened spp. and Habitats.  International Association of Wildland Fire.

Hebda, R.J. (1995). British Columbia vegetation and climate history with focus on 6 ka BP. Géographie physique et Quaternaire 49, 55- 79

Henry, J. K.  1915.  Flora of southern British Columbia.  W. J. Gage and Co. Ltd., Toronto.

Hik, DS, M Brown, A Dabros, J Weir and JF Cahill, Jr. 2003. "Prevalence and predictability of handling effects on plants in field studies: results from field experiments and a meta-analysis."  American Journal of Botany 90: 270-277.

Hickman, J. C. 1993.  The Jepson manual:  Higher Plants of California.  Univeristy of California Press.  Los Angeles. 1400 pp.

Hitchcock, C. Leo and Arthur Cronquist.  1973.  Flora of the Pacific Northwest: An Illustrated Manual.  University of Washington Press.

Hitchcock, C.L., A. Cronquist, M. Ownbey, and J. W. Thompson. 1961. Vascular plants of the Pacific Northwest, Parts 1-5.   University of Washington Press, Seattle. 614 pp.

Hufford, K.M. and S.J. Mazer. 2003. Plant ecotypes: genetic differentiation in the age of ecological restoration. Trends in Ecology and Evolution 18:147-155.
 

I

Illingworth, J. M. and G. W. Douglas. 1994. Status report on the Water-plantain buttercup, Ranunculus alismaefolius Geyer ex Benth. var. alismaefolius. Unpublished report submitted to the Committee on the Status of Endangered Wildlife in Canada, Ottawa. British Columbia Conservation Data Centre. 17 pp.

Illingworth, J. M. and G. W. Douglas. 1995. Status report on the Slender woolly-heads, Psilocarphus tenellus Nutt. var. tenellus. Unpublished report submitted to the Committee on the Status of Endangered Wildlife in Canada, Ottawa. British Columbia Conservation Data Centre. 19 pp.

Illingworth, J. M. and G. W. Douglas. 1995. Status report on the Tall woolly-heads, Psilocarphus elatior (A. Gray) A. Gray. Unpublished report submitted to the Committee on the Status of Endangered Wildlife in Canada, Ottawa. British Columbia Conservation Data Centre. 19 pp.

Ireland, R.R., Bird, C.D., Brassard, G.R., Schofield, W.B., and Vitt, D.H. 1980. Checklist of the mosses of Canada. Nat. Museum of Canada. Publ. Bot. No. 8. 75 pp.
 

J

Jain, S. K. (ed.). 1976.  Vernal Pools:  Their Ecology and Conservation.  Publication No.9.  Institute of Ecology, University of California, Davis, CA.

Jamison, J.A. & G.W. Douglas. 1998. Status of the Coastal Wood Fern, Dryopteris arguta(Dryopteridaceae) in Canada. Canadian Field-Naturalist 112 (2): 284-288.

Janszen, Harvey, 1999.  Outer Gulf Islands Vascular Plant Checklist.  Unpublished manuscript

Jones, P. G., N. Galwey, S. E. Beebe, J. and Tohme. 1997. The use of geographical information systems in biodiversity exploration and conservation. Biodiversity Conservation 6:947-958.

Joy, M. and B. Klinkenberg.  1996.  Managing uncertainty in forest inventory data:  analysis and visualization.  In:  M. Heit, H. Parker, and A. Shortreid (eds.) GIS Applications in Natural Resources 2.  Fort Collins:  GIS World Books, 145-153.

Joy, M., B. Klinkenberg and S. Cumming.  1994.  Handling uncertainty in a spatial forest model integrated with GIS.  Proceedings GIS '94 I, Vancouver.  7 pgs.
 

K

Kartesz, J. T. 1994.  A synonymized checklist of the vascular flora of the U.S., Canada and Greenland.  2nd Edition.  2 vols.   Portland:  Timer Press.

Kartesz, J. T. and C. A. Meacham.  1999.  Digital Floristic Synthesis of North America North of Mexico.  Published for the Biota of North America Program of the North Carolina Botanical Garden, by Patricia Ledlie Bookseller, Inc. Buckfield, Maine, ME.

Kaye, Thomas.  1995.  Cimicifuga elata: some comments on its ecology and distribution.  Botanical Electronic News 121.  December 9, 1995.

Kaye, Thomas N. 1997.  Seed dormancy in high elevation plants: Implications for ecology and restoration.  In:  T.N. Kaye, A. Liston, R.M. Love, D.L. Luoma, R.J. Meinke, and M.V. Wilson (eds.). Conservation and management of native plants and fungi. Native Plant Society of Oregon, Corvallis, Oregon. 1997.   Pages 115-120.

Kaye, Thomas N.  1999.  Effects of timber harvest on Cimicifuga elata, a rare plant of western forests.  Northwest Science 73 (3): 159 - 167.

Kaye, Thomas N. 2001.  Population Viability Analysis of Endangered Plant Species: An Evaluation of Stochastic Methods and an Application to a Rare Prairie Plant.  Ph. D. thesis.  Oregon State University.

Kaye, T.N. 2001.  Common ground and controversy in native plant restoration: the SOMS debate, source distance, plant selections, and a restoration-oriented definition of native.  In: Native Plant Propagation and Restoration Strategies. R. Rose and D. Haase, editors. Nursery Technology Cooperative and Western Forestry and Conservation Association, Corvallis, Oregon.

Kaye, T. N., K. Amsberry, S. D. Gisler, and R. J. Meinke. 1998.  Back from the brink: the challenges of endangered plant reintroduction.  Hortus West 9:4-9, 90-91.

Kaye, Thomas N., Robert J. Meinke, Jimmy Kagan, Sue Vrilakas, Kenton L.Chambers, Peter F. Zika and Julie K. Nelson.  1997.  Patterns of Rarity in the Oregon Flora: Implications for Conservation and Management. pp. 1-10.   In: T. N. Kaye, A Liston, R. M. Love, D. L. Luoma, R. J. Meinke and M. V. Wilson (eds.).  Conservation and Management of Native Plants and Fungi.  Native Plant Society of Oregon. Corvallis, Oregon.

Keddy, P.A., and Reznicek, A.A. 1982. The role of seed banks in the persistence of Ontario's coastal plain flora. Amer. J. Bot. 69: 13-22.

Keddy, P.A., and Reznicek, A.A. 1982. Seed banks and persistent relict shoreline flora. BioScience 32: 132-133.

Kennedy, H., and Ganders, F.R. 1979. The invisible patterns of flowers. Davidsonia 10: 1-6.

Klinka, K., Krajina, V.J., Ceska, A., and Scagel, A.M. 1989. Indicator plants of coastal British Columbia. University British Columbia Press, Vancouver. 288 pp.

Klinkenberg, Brian. 2005. Recovery Strategy for Streambank Lupine (Lupinus rivularis) in Canada. Final Draft Report. BC Ministry of Environment and the Streambank Lupine Recovery Team, Surrey.

Klinkenberg, Brian. 2005. Recovery Strategy for Phantom Orchid (Cephalanthera austiniae) in Canada. BC Ministry of Environment and the Phantom Orchid Recovery Team, Surrey.

Klinkenberg, Brian. 2005.  National Recovery Strategy for Mexican Mosquito Fern (Azolla mexicana) in Canada. BC Ministry of Environment, Surrey.

Klinkenberg, Brian.  2005.  Landscape Modeling in Conservation Biology:  Predictive Mapping of Potential Habitat for Tall Bugbane (Actaea elata) in British Columbia. BC Ministry of Environment, Surrey, BC.

Klinkenberg, Brian. 2007. National Recovery Strategy for Brook Spike-Primrose (Epilobium torreyi) in Canada. Parks Canada Service, Victoria.

Klinkenberg, B. and R. Klinkenberg.  1991. Status Report on the Phantom Orchid (Cephalanthera austiniae): a threatened species in Canada.  Prepared for the Committee on the Status of Endangered Wildlife in Canada, Ottawa.

Klinkenberg, Brian and Rose Klinkenberg.  1999. Update status report on the Phantom Orchid (Cephalanthera austiniae): a threatened species in Canada.  Prepared for the Committee on the Status of Endangered Wildlife in Canada. Ottawa. (plus addendum, 2001).

Klinkenberg, Brian and Rose Klinkenberg.  2001. COSEWIC Status Report on Streambank Lupine (Lupinus rivularis) in Canada.  Prepared for the Committee on the Status of Endangered Wildlife in Canada, Ottawa.

Klinkenberg, Brian and Rose Klinkenberg.  2001. COSEWIC status report on Vancouver Island Beggarticks (Bidens amplissima) in Canada.  Prepared for the Committee on the Status of Endangered Wildlife in Canada, Ottawa.

Klinkenberg, Brian and Rose Klinkenberg.  2002.  Biodiversity Protection:  Standard Inventory and Monitoring Methods for Rare Rhizomatous Geophytes in British Columbia.  Report to the Ministry of Sustainable Resource Management, Victoria. 70 pp.

Klinkenberg, Brian and Rose Klinkenberg.  2003.  Stewardship Account for California Buttercup (Ranunculus californicus) in British Columbia.  Garry Oak Ecosystems Recovery Team.

Klinkenberg, Brian and Rose Klinkenberg.  2003. Recovery Strategy for Tall Bugbane  (Actaea elata (Nutt.) Prantl) in Canada.  Tall Bugbane Recovery Team and the Ministry of Water, Lands and Air Protection, Surrey.  46 pp.

Klinkenberg, Brian and Rose Klinkenberg. 2003.  Background ecological report and predictive mapping for Tall Bugbane (Actaea elata (Nutt.) Prantl) in Canada:  Supplement to the Recovery Strategy.  Tall Bugbane Recovery Team and the Ministry of Water, and and Air Protection, Surrey.  32 pp.

Klinkenberg, Brian and Rose Klinkenberg.  2006.  National Management Plan for Vancouver Island Beggarticks (Bidens amplissima) in Canada.  BC Ministry of Environment, Surrey.  Draft for review

Klinkenberg, Brian and Rose Klinkenkberg. 2007. Recovery Strategy for Alkali Aster (Aster symphyotrichum) in Canada. BC Ministry of Environment and the South Okanagan-Similkameen Conservation Program, Victoria.

Klinkenberg, Brian, Rose Klinkenberg, and Chris Sears. 2006. COSEWIC status report on  purple spike rush (Eleocharis atropurpurea (Retz.) J. & K. Presl.) in Canada. Committee on the Status of Endangered Wildlife in Canada, Ottawa.

Klinkenberg, Brian, Chris Sears and  Rose Klinkenberg. 2006. COSEWIC status report on Spaldings' Milkvetch (Astragalus spaldingii  Gray var. spaldingii) in Canada. Draft. Committee for the Status of Endangered Wildlife in Canada, Ottawa.

Kott, L. and A. E. Kott.  1974.  A record of the orchid Malaxis monophyllos (L.) Sw. from northeastern British Columbia.  Canadian Field Naturalist 88:  89.

Krajina, V. 1965.  Biogeoclimatic zones and classification of British Columbia.  Ecol. West. N. Am.  1:  1 - 17.

Krannitz, P. G. and Bennett, B. A. (1999).  Fire as a restoration tool in the South Okanagan shrub-steppe.  In: Egan, B. (ed.) Helping the land heal: ecological restoration in British Columbia.  Conference Proceedings:  B.C. Environmental Network Educational Foundation, Vancouver, BC (pp. 224-225).

Krannitz, P. G. and C. Rohner. 1999. Habitat relationships of endangered grassland birds in the south Okanagan.  In:  Darling, L. M. (ed..).  At Risk: Proceedings of a conference on the biology and management of species and habitats at risk.  Kamloops, B.C. (Pp. 823-829).  February 15-19, 1999.  Volume 2, British Columbia Ministry of Environment Lands and Parks, Victoria, BC.

Krause, G., and Schofield, W.B. 1977. The moss flora of Lynn Canyon Park, North Vancouver, British Columbia. Syesis 10: 97-110.
 

L

Lea, E. C. and G. W. Douglas. 1991. Endangered and threatened plant species of the southern interior of British Columbia: protecting the insignificant. Pp. 59-65 in: Rautio, S., (ed.), Community action for endangered species: a public symposium on B.C.'s threatened and endangered species and their habitat. Fed. of B.C. Nats. and Northwest. Wildl. Pres. Soc. Vancouver, Sept. 28/29, 1991. 238 pp.

Liston, Aaron and Sami Gray.  1998.  Conservation Genetics of Cimicifuga elata: Results from the 1997 Population Samples.  Oregon State University, USDI Bureau of Land Management, and the USDA Forest Service.  Unpublished report.

Lomer, F. & G.W. Douglas. 1999. Additions to the flora of the Queen Charlotte Islands, British Columbia. Canadian Field-Naturalist 113(2): 235-240.

Lomer, Frank, Rose Klinkenberg and Brian Klinkenberg.  2001.  Draft checklist of plants of the islands of Richmond, British Columbia.  Web publication:  http://ibis.geog.ubc.ca/richmond/city/richmondchecklst.pdf.

Long, Ron.  1979.  Eburophyton austinae (A. Grey) Heller, Phantom Orchid.  Davidsonia 10 (1):  30 - 33.

Lubbers, A.E. and M.J. Lechowicz, 1989. Effect of leaf removal on reproduction vs. belowground storage in Trillium grandiflorum. Ecology 70:85-96.

Luer, Carlyle A.  1975.  The Native Orchids of the United States and Canada Excluding Florida.  The New York Botanical Garden.

Lynch, M. 1991. The genetic interpretation of inbreeding and outbreeding depression.  Evolution 45:622-629.

Lyons, C.  P.  and Bill Merilees, 1995.  Trees, Shrubs and Flowers to Know in British Columbia and Washington.  Vancouver: Lone Pine Publishing.
 

M

MacDougall, A. and J. Loo.  2002  Predicting occurrences of geographically restricted rare floral elements with qualitative habitat data..  Environmental Reviews 10(3):167-190.

Mackinnon, A., J. Pojar and R. Coupe.  1992.  Plants of Northern British Columbia.  Lone Pine Publishing, Edmonton. 351 pp.

Macoun, J. 1883-1890.  Catalogue of Canadian Plants.  Parts 1- 5. Geological Survey of Canada.  Ottawa.

McLean, A. (1970). Plant communities of the Similkameen Valley, British Columbia, and their relationships to soils. Ecological Monographs 40, 403- 423.

McNeill, J.  1973.  Lewisia triphylla (S. Watson) Robinson and Spraguea umbellata Torrey, new species for Canada.  Syesis. 6:  179 - 181.

Martin, Rene. 2002.  Recovery Strategy for Scarlet Ammannia (Ammannia robusta). Preliminary Draft. Scarlet Ammania Recovery Team.

Mather, K. (1996). Bunchgrass ecosystems and the early cattle industry in the Thompson-Okanagan [On-line]. Kelowna, BC: Living Landscapes.

Meffe, G.K. 1996. Genetic and eco-logical guidelines for species re-introduction programs.  Journal of Great Lakes Research 21:3-9.

Meidinger, D. V. and Pojar, J. 1991.  Ecosystems of British Columbia. Ministry of Forests. IV. Series: Special report series (BC. Ministry of Forests); No. 6.

Miller, M.T., and G.W. Douglas. 1999. Status of Lyall's Mariposa Lily, Calochortus lyalli (Liliaceae), in Canada. Canadian Field-Naturalist 113(4): 652-658.

Montalvo, A.M. and N.C. Ellstrand. 2001. Nonlocal transplantation and outbreeding depression in the subshrub Lotus scoparius (Fabaceae). American Journal of Botany Heredity 87:190-197.

Moore, Michael. 1993.   Medicinal Plants of the Pacific West.  Red Crane Books.
 

N

Nesom, G.L.  1994.  Review of the Taxonomy of Aster sensu lato (Asteraceae: Astereae), emphasizing the New World species.  Phytologia 77 (3):141-297.

Noble, W.J. 1982. The lichens of the coastal Douglas-fir dry subzone of British Columbia. Univ. B.C., Vancouver, B.C. PhD Dissertation.

Noble, W.J. 1982. The lichens of the Coastal Douglas-Fir Dry Zone of British Columbia. University of British Columbia, Dept. of Botany, Vancouver, B.C., Doctoral Thesis

This study is a preliminary flora of the lichens of the Coastal Douglas-fir Dry Zone treats. It treats a total of 448 species in 114 genera, including 26 species from adjacent zones. Keys and concise descriptions are provided plus information on substratum preferences, abundance within the subzone, and taxonomic problems. Spore diagrams are supplied for many of the crustose genera. Local distributions within the subzone are discussed. Analysis of world distributions revealed that the majority of these species are very widespread with an essentially continuous range.

Noble, W.J., T. Ahti, G.F. Otto, and I.M. Brodo. 1987. A second checklist and bibliography of the lichens and allied fungi of British Columbia. Nat. Mus. Can., Nat. Mus. Natur. Sci., Canada., Syllogeus No. 61. 95 p.

A total of 1013 species in 205 genera, 18 subspecies, 33 varieties, and 2 forms are reported for British Columbia. Synonyms and unreliable records are also recorded. The 40 taxa originally described from the province are listed. The checklist is based upon reports in approximately 300 papers as well as herbarium specimens at CANL, H, and UBC. These papers are listed in the bibliography at the conclusion of the list. 
 

O

Ogilvie, R.T., and Ceska, A. 1984. Alpine plants of phytogeographic interest on northwestern Vancouver Island. Can. J. Bot. 62: 2356-2362.

Ogilvia, R. T., R. J. Hebda and Hans L. Roemer.  1984.  The phytogeography of Oxalis oregana in British Columbia.  Canadian Journal of Botany  62:  1561-1563.

Ohlsson, K.E. 1973. New and interesting macrolichens of British Columbia. The Bryologist 76(3): 366-387. Ryan, M.W. 1991. Distribution of bryophytes and lichens on Garry oak. Univ. Victoria, Victoria, B.C. MSc. Thesis.
 

P

Parminter, John.  n.d.  Appendix 9:  Fire return intervals and fire sizes by BEC zones.  Research Branch, Ministry of Forests.  Web site (pdf):  www.for.gov.bc.ca/research/lach/pdf/land/lachm11.pdf  (Accessed March 27, 2003).

Parish, R., R. Coupe and D. Lloyd.  1996.  Plants of Southern Interior British Columbia.  Lone Pine Publishing.  Vancovuer, BC, 436 pp.

Pavlick, L.E. (1980). The taxonomy and distribution of Festuca idahoenis in British Columbia. 25 pp. (Unpublished report, on file with the library of the RBCM, Victoria.)

Pavlick, L.E. (1981). The taxonomy and distribution of Festuca altaica and F. scabrella var. major in British Columbia and the Rocky Mountains of Alberta. 37 pp. (Unpublished report, on file with the library of the RBCM, Victoria.)

Pavlick, L.E. (1982). The Festuca and Vulpia of British Columbia: enumeration, descriptions, distributions, taxonomy. 58 pp. (Unpublished report, on file with library of the RBCM, Victoria.)

Pavlick, L.E. (1983). Festuca viridula Vasey (Poaceae): Re-establishment of its original lecotype. Taxon, 32 (1), 117-120.

Pavlick, L.E. (1983). Notes on the taxonomy and nomenclature of Festuca occidentalis and F. idahoensis. Canadian Journal of Botany 61 (1), 337-344.

Pavlick, L.E. (1983). The taxonomy and distribution of Festuca idahoensis in British Columbia and northwestern Washington. Canadian Journal of Botany, 61 (1), 345-353.

Pavlick, L.E. (1984). Studies on the Festuca ovina complex in the Canadian Cordillera. Canadian Journal of Botany, 62 (11), 2448-2462.

Pavlick, L.E. (1985). A new taxonomic survey of the Festuca rubra complex in northwestern North America, with emphasis on British Columbia. Phtyologia, 57 (1), 1-17.

Pavlick, L.E. (1986). Healing powers of BC plants (p. 7). Discovery. British Columbia Provincial Museum, Victoria.

Pavlick, L.E. (1989). South Okanagan Critical Area Program plant species and communities. In R. Erikson & H. Torrance (Comps.) The South Okanagan Critical Area Program. Endangered, threatened and sensitive plants and animals (pp. A.5 to I-66. The Nature Trust of British Columbia.

Pavlick, L. E. 1989.  Scouler's Corydalis:  One of Canada's rare and beautiful plants.  The Victoria Naturalist  45 (6): 17.

Pavlick, L.E. (1990). Rare plants and plant communities in the South Okanagan Region (Abstract, p. 21.) In. N. Layard (Ed.), The role of conservancies and education in preserving the natural features of the South Okanagan, British Columbia. Report on the South Okanagan Round Table. The Federation of BC Naturalists, Vancouver, BC.

Pavlick, L.E. (1993). The role of the plant taxonomist in our changing times. Bioline Spring/Summer, 11-13.

Pavlick, L.E. (1994). Standards for voucher specimens deposited in the herbarium of the Royal British Columbia Museum. 8 pp. (Report on file with the library of the RBCM, Victoria.)

Pavlick, L.E. (1995). Bromus of North America. 160 pp. RBCM, Victoria, BC.

Pavlick, L.E. (1995). Tumbling tumbleweeds. Discovery, 23 (6), 4-5.

Pavlick, L.E. (1996). George Vancouver Copley, pioneer conservationist of British columbia's southern grasslands. Cordillera, 3 (1), 6-8.

Pavlick, L.E. & Looman, J. (1984). Taxonomy and nomenclature of rough fescues, Festuca altaica, F. campestris (F. scabrellal var. major), and F. hallii in Canada and the adjacent part of United States. Canadian Journal of Botany, 62 (8), 1739-1749.

Pellymr, O. 1985a.  Pollination adaptations in the Cimicifuga and the evolutionary origin of pollinator-plant mutualism.  Acta Universitatis Upsaliensis: 2-34

Penny, J.L. & G.W. Douglas. 1998. Status of the Bearded Owl-clover, Triphysaria versicolor ssp. versicolor (Scrophulariaceae), in Canada. Canadian Field-Naturalist 112 (3):481-485.

Penny, J.L. & G.W. Douglas. 1999. Status of the Tall Bugbane, Cimicifuga elata (Ranunculaceae) in Canada. Canadian Field-Naturalist 113(3):461-465.

Pojar, J. 1973. Pollination of typically anemophilous salt marsh plants by bumble bees, Bombus terricola occidentalis Grne. Amer. Midl. Naturalist 89: 448-451.

Pojar, J. 1973. Levels of polyploidy in four vegetation types of southwestern British Columbia. Can. J. Bot. 51: 621-628.

Pojar, J. 1974. Reproductive dynamics of four plant communities of southwestern British Columbia. Can. J. Bot. 52: 1819-1834.

Pojar, J. 1974. Reproductive biology in relation to the structure and function of four plant communities. Ph.D. thesis. Department of Botany, University of British Columbia. 335 pp.

Pojar, J. 1975. Hummingbird flowers of British Columbia. Syesis 8: 25-28.

Pojar, J. 1975. Interesting angiosperms from Cathedral Lakes Park and the lower Skeena River. Syesis 8: 391.

Pojar, J. 1979. Vegetation of the Stein River Valley. Pages 27-32. In Exploring the Stein River Valley. Edited by R.D. Freeman and D. Thompson. Douglas and McIntyre, Vancouver, B.C. 162 pp.

Pojar, J. 1980. Threatened forest ecosystems of British Columbia. Pages 28-39. In Threatened and endangered species and habitats in British Columbia and the Yukon. Edited by R. Stace- Smith, L. Johns, and P. Joslin. Proc. of symp., Richmond, B.C. British Columbia Ministy of Environment, Victoria, B.C. 302 pp.

Pojar, J. 1980. Threatened habitats of rare vascular plants in British Columbia. Pages 40-48. In Threatened and endangered species and habitats in British Columbia and the Yukon. Edited by R. Stace-Smith, L. Johns, and P. Joslin. Proc. of symp., Richmond, B.C. British Columbia Ministy of Environment, Victoria, B.C. 302 pp.

Pojar, J. 1982. Boreal and subalpine grasslands of northern British Columbia. Pages 249-261. In Grassland ecology and classification symp. proc. Edited by A.C. Nicholson, A. McLean, and T.E. Baker. British Columbia Ministry of Forests. Victoria, B.C. 353 pp.

Pojar, J. 1982. Management of western hemlock - amabilis fir forests for timber production: North Coast. Pages 263-276. In Proc. biology and management of true fir in the Pacific Northwest symp. Contribution Number 45. Edited by C.D. Oliver and R.M. Kenady. University of Washington, College of Forest Resources. Seattle, Wash. 344 pp.

Pojar, J. 1991. Subalpine and alpine vegetation of the Gladys Lake Ecological Reserve, northern British Columbia. Contr. Nat. Sci. 12: 1-28.

Pojar, J. 1991. Old-growth forests in British Columbia. Pages 15-21. In Applications in a changing world. GIS91 symp. Vancouver, B.C. Edited by H. Schreier, S. Brown, P. O'Reilly, P.J. Meehan. Forestry Canada, Ottawa. 441 pp.

Pojar, J., Beamish, K.I., Krajina, V.J., and Wade, L.K. 1976. New records and range extensions of vascular plants in northern British Columbia. Syesis 9: 45-57.

Pojar, J., Carson, T., Foster, J.B., and Krajina, V.J. 1978. Ecological reserves in British Columbia. Ecological Reserves Unit, B.C. Ministry of Environment, Victoria, B.C. 269 pp.

Pojar, J., and Foster, J.B. 1977. Natural history theme study of a natural area of Canadian significance on the Queen Charlotte Islands, British Columbia. 129 pp. [Report. Parks Canada, Ottawa.]

Pojar, J., Klinka, K., and Meidinger, D.V. 1986. Biogeoclimatic ecosystem classification in British Columbia. 21 pp. [Report. British Columbia Ministry of Forests, Victoria, B.C.]

Pojar, J., Lewis, T., Roemer, H., and Wilford, D.J. 1980. Relationships between introduced black- tailed deer and the plant life of the Queen Charlotte Islands, British Columbia. 63 pp. [Report. British Columbia Ministry of Forests, Smithers, B.C.]

Pojar, J., Love, R., Meidinger, D., and Scagel, R. 1982. Some common plants of the Sub-Boreal Spruce Zone. Land Management Handbook No. 6. British Columbia Ministry of Forests, Victoria, B.C. 102 pp.

Pojar, J. and A. MacKinnon.  1994.  Plants of Coastal British Columbia.  Lone Pine Publishing.  Vancouver, BC 527. pp.

Pojar, Rosamund & Evi Coulson. 2003. _Trees and Shrub in Winter:    A  Guide  to the Identification of Common Trees and Shrubs in Northwestern British Columbia. Cassiope Press, Smithers. 154 p.

Porsild, A.E. 1974. Rocky Mountain wild flowers. National Museums of Canada, National Museum of Natural Sciences, Natural History Series, No. 2. 454 pp. [Disponible en français sous le titre "Plantes sauvages des montagnes Rocheuses." 450 pp.]

Pryer, K.M. 1990. The limestone oak fern: new to Manitoba. Blue Jay 48: 192-195.

Pryer, K. M. and C. J. Keddy.  1987.  Ammania robusta Heer & Regel (Lythraceae) In:  K. M. Pryer and G. W. Argus (eds.)  Atlas of the Rare Vascular Plants of Ontario.  Part 4.  National Museum of Natural Science, Publications in Botany 7:  1117 - 1710.
 

R

Ramsey, Gwynn.  1987.  Morphological Considerations in the North American Cimicifuga (Ranunculaceae).  Castanea 52 (2): 129 - 141.

Ramsay, Gwynn.  1997.  Cimicifuga.  In  Flora of North America Editorial Committee (ed.) Flora North America.  Volume 3.  New York: Oxford University Press.

Reader, R.J. 1975. Competitive relationships of some bog ericads for major insect pollinators. Can. J. Bot. 53: 1300-1305.

Reader, R.J. 1977. Bog ericad flowers: self-compatibility and relative attractiveness to bees. Can. J. Bot. 55: 2279-2287.

Redhead, S.A. 1988. Notes on the genus Xeromphalina (Agaricales, Xerulaceae) in Canada: biogeography, nomenclature, taxonomy.  Can. J. Bot. 66: 479-507. 

Redhead, S.A. 1989. A biogeographical overview of the Canadian mushroom flora. Can. J. Bot. 67: 3003-3062

Redhead, S.A. 1986.  The genus Crinipellis Pat. in Canada.  La Famiglia delle Tricholomataceae. Atti del Convegno Internazionale del 10-15 settembre 1984. Borgo Val di Taro - Italy.  Atti del Centro Studi per la Flora Mediterranea 6: 175-199. 

Redhead, S.A., L. L. Norvell, and E. Danell. 1997. Cantharellus formosus and the Pacific Golden Chantarelle harvest in western North
America. Mycotaxon 65: 285-322. 

Revel, R.D., and Maze, J. 1972. The central portion of the Hope Slide; a botanical census. Syesis 5: 131-135.

Reznicek, A.A., and Ball, P.W. 1974. The taxonomy of Carex series Lupulinae in Canada. Can. J. Bot. 52: 2387-2399.

Reznicek, A.A., and Ball, P.W. 1980. The taxonomy of Carex section Stellulatae in North America north of Mexico. Contr. Univ. Michigan Herb. 14: 153-203.

Reznicek, A.A., and Bobbette, R.S.W. 1976. The taxonomy of Potamogeton subsection hybridi in North America. Rhodora 78: 650-673.

Richards, C.M. 2000. Inbreeding depression and genetic rescue in a plant metapopulation. The American Naturalist 155:383-394.

Romo, J. T.; Grilz, P. L.; Bubar, C. J.; Young, J. A. 1991. Influences of temperature and water stress on germination of plains rough fescue. Journal of Range Management. 44(1): 75-81. [14134]

Roemer, H., Pojar, J., and Joy, K. 1988. Protected old-growth forests in coastal British Columbia. Nat. Areas J. 8: 146-159.

Rosenberg, S. et al. 2003.  Postglacial spread of hemlock (Tsuga) and vegetation history in Mount Revelstoke National Park, British Columbia, Canada.  Canadian Journal of Botany 81(2):139-151.

M. W. Ryan.  1996.  Bryophytes of British Columbia: Rare Species and Priorities for Inventory. Technical Working Paper.   MoF, Research Program and MoELP, Wildlife Branch; 100 pp.

Ryan, M. and G. W. Douglas. 1994. Status report on the Deltoid balsamroot Balsamorhiza deltoidea Nutt. Unpublished report submitted to the Committee on the Status of Endangered Wildlife in Canada, Ottawa. British Columbia Conservation Data Centre. 29 pp.

Ryan, M. and G. W. Douglas. 1994. Status report on the Prairie Lupine, Lupinus lepidus Dougl. ex Lindl. Unpublished report submitted to the Committee on the Status of Endangered Wildlife in Canada, Ottawa. British Columbia Conservation Data Centre. 26 pp.

Ryan, M. and G. W. Douglas. 1994. Status report on the Seaside birds-foot lotus, Lotus formosissimus Greene. Unpublished report submitted to the Committee on the Status of Endangered Wildlife in Canada, Ottawa. British Columbia Conservation Data Centre. 25 pp.

Ryan, M. and G. W. Douglas. 1995. Status report on the Golden paintbrush, Castilleja levisecta, in Canada. Unpublished report. Comm. on the Status of Endangered Wildl. in Canada, Ottawa. 18 pp.

Ryan, M. and G. W. Douglas. 1995. Status report on the Yellow montane violet, Viola praemorsa, in Canada. Unpublished report. Comm. on the Status of Endangered Wildl. in Canada, Ottawa. 22 pp.
 

S

Saltonstall, Kristin. 2002.  Cryptic invasion by non-native genotype of the common reed, Phragmites australis, into North America.  Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 99 (4):  2445 - 2449.

Savale, W.M., Jr., and Ceska, A. 1989. Noteworthy collections - British Columbia. Wolffia columbiana Karsten, new in British Columbia. Madroño 36: 153.

Scoggan, H.J.  1978.  The Flora of Canada.  National Museum of Canada, Publications in Botany, Ottawa, ON.  vix + 1498 pp.

Schofield, W.B. 1968. Bryophytes of British Columbia I. Mosses of particular interest. J. Hattori Bot. Lab. 31: 205-226.

Schofield, W.B. 1968. Bryophytes of British Columbia II. Hepatics of particular interest. J. Hattori Bot. Lab. 31: 265-282.

Schofield, W.B. 1969. Phytogeography of northwestern North America: bryophytes and vascular plants. Madroño 20: 155-207.

Schofield, W.B. 1969. A checklist of Hepaticae and Anthocerotae of British Columbia. Syesis 1: 157-162.

Schofield, W.B. 1969. A selectively annotated checklist of British Columbia mosses. Syesis 1: 163-175.

Schofield, W.B. 1969. Some Common Mosses of British Columbia. B.C. Provincial Museum 259 pp. [2nd edition - 1992. Royal British Columbia Museum. 394 pp.]

Schofield, W.B. 1976. Bryophytes of British Columbia III: habitat and distributional information for selected species. Syesis 9: 317-354.

Schofield, W.B. 1980. Phytogeography of the mosses of North America (north of Mexico). Pages 131-170. In: Mosses of North America. Edited by R. Taylor and A. Leviton. AAAS Publications, San Fransisco. 170 pp.

Schofield, W.B. 1984. Bryogeography of the Pacific coast of North America. J. Hattori Bot. Lab. 55: 35-43.

Schofield, W.B. 1985. Introduction to bryology. Macmillan Publ. Co., N.Y. 431 pp.

Schofield, W.B. 1988. Community organization: some phytogeographic concepts as applied to vegetation of British Columbia, Canada. Can. J. Bot. 66: 2673-2686.

Schofield, W.B. 1989. Structure and affinities of the bryoflora of the Queen Charlotte Island. Pages 109-119. In: The Outer Shores. Edited by G.G.E. Scudder and N. Gessler. Queen Charlotte Islands Museum, Skidgate. 327 pp.

Schofield, W.B. 1990. Rare and endangered bryophytes of B.C. Bioline 9: 15-17.

Schofield, W.B. 1993. Some Common Mosses of British Columbia (revised edition). Royal B.C. Provincial Museum Handbook. 394 pp.

Schofield, W.B. 1994. Bryophytes of Mediterranean climates in British Columbia. Hikobia 11: 407-414.

Schofield, W.B. 1994. Rare and endangered bryophytes in British Columbia. Pages 71-75. In Biodiversity in British Columbia: our changing environment. Edited by L.E. Harding and E. McCullum. Environment Canada, Canadian Wildlife Service. 426 pp.

Sears, Chris, Brian Klinkenberg and Rose Klinkenberg.  2006. COSEWIC status report on alkali aster (Symphyotrichum frondosum (Nutt.) G. L. in Canada. Preliminary Report. Committee for the Status of Endangered Wildlife in Canada, Ottawa.

Sherff, E. E. 1937.  The genus Bidens.  Field Museum of Natural History,Botanical Series 16: 1-721.

Straley, G.B. 1980. Arnica in the wild and in cultivation in British Columbia. Davidsonia 11: 25- 33.

Straley, G.B. 1980. Systematics of Arnica subgenus Austromontana and a new subgenus, Calarnica (Asteraceae: Senecioneae). Ph.D. dissertation, University of British Columbia, Vancouver. 265 pp.

Straley, G.B. 1992. Trees of Vancouver. University of British Columbia Press, Vancouver. 232 pp.

Straley, G. B., R. L. Taylor and G. W. Douglas.  1985.  The rare vascular plants of British Columbia.  National Museum of Canada Syllogeus 59, Ottawa.

Straley, G. B. and G. W. Douglas. 1994. Rare and endangered vascular plants - an update. Pp. 47-52 in: Harding, L. E. and E. McCullum, (eds.), Biodiversity in British Columbia: our changing environment. Environ. Canada, Can. Wildl. Serv., Pacific and Yukon Region, Vancouver. 425 pp.

Szczawinski, A.F. (1969). The Orchids of British Columbia (Handbook No. 16, 2nd ed.). Victoria, BC: British Columbia Provincial Museum, Dept. of Recreation and Conservation.
 

T

Taylor, Roy L. and B. MacBryde. 1977.  Vascular Plants of British Columbia.  A Descriptive Resource Inventory.  The University of British Columbia Vancouver.

Taylor, R.L., G. A. Guppy, and S. Taylor.  1975. The genus Dodecatheon in British Columbia. Davidsonia 6(1): 7-12.

Taylor, R.L., and Ludwig, R.A. (Editors .) 1966. The evolution of Canada's flora. University of Toronto Press. 152 pp.

Taylor, R.L., and Taylor, S. 1975. The genus Larix Adanson in British Columbia. Davidsonia 6(4): 52-59.

Taylor, R.L., and Taylor, S. 1977. Seed and fruit dispersal of some British Columbian plants. Davidsonia 8(3): 33-40.

Taylor, R.L., and Taylor, S. 1977. The genus Viburnum in British Columbia. Davidsonia 8(3): 41- 47.

Taylor, R.L., and Taylor, S. 1977. Chromosome numbers of vascular plants of British Columbia. Syesis 10: 125-138.

Taylor, R.L., and Taylor, S. 1978. The genus Clematis in British Columbia. Davidsonia 9(1): 10- 18.

Taylor, R.L., and Taylor, S. 1978. The genus Rosa in British Columbia. Davidsonia 9(2): 30-43.

Taylor, R.L., and Taylor, S. 1978. The genus Juniperus in British Columbia. Davidsonia 9(4): 98- 110.

Taylor, R.L., and Taylor, S. 1979. The genus Plectritis in British Columbia. Davidsonia 10(1): 13-18.

Taylor, R.L., and Taylor, S. 1980. Rhamnus purshianus in British Columbia. Davidsonia 11(1): 17-23.

Taylor, R.L., and Taylor, S. 1980. Tsuga mertensiana in British Columbia. Davidsonia 11(4): 78- 84.

Taylor, R.L., and Taylor, S. 1981. Prunus emarginata in British Columbia. Davidsonia 12(3): 79- 83.

Taylor, R.L., and Taylor, S. 1981. Taxus brevifolia in British Columbia. Davidsonia 12(4): 89-94.

Taylor, T. M. C., 1974.  The Pea Family of British Columbia.  British Columbia Provincial Museum Handbook No. 32.  Victoria, Canada.

Turner, N. J., L. C. Thompson, M. T. Thompson and A. Z. York. 1990.  Thompson Ethnobotany:  Knowledge and usage of plants by the Thompson Indians of British Columbia.  Victoria:  Royal British Columbia Museum, Memoir No. 3.

Turner, N. J.  1998.  Plant Technology of First Peoples in British Columbia.  UBC Press, Vancouver.

Turner, N.J., Johnson Gottesfeld, L.M., Kuhnlein, H.V., and Ceska, A. 1992. Edible wood fern rootstocks of western North America: solving an ethnobotanical puzzle. J. Ethnobiol. 12: 1-34.
 

U

V

van der Kloet, S.P. 1972. The North American blueberries revisited. Ph.D. thesis, Queen's University, Kingston, Ontario,
Canada.

Vasey, M. C. 11985.  The specific status of Lasthenia maritima (Asteraceae), an endemic of seabird breeding habitats.  Madrona 32:  131 - 142.
Wherry, E. T. 1933.  The geographic relations of Sarracenia purpurea.  Bartonia 15:  1 - 6.
 

W

Warman, Leanna D., A. E. R. Sinclair, Geoff G. E. Scudder, Brian Klinkenberg and Robert L. Pressey.  In press.  Sensitivity of systematic reserve selection to decisions about scale, biological data and targets-a case study from southern British Columbia. Conservation Biology.

Warrington, P.D. 1980. The aquatic plants of British Columbia. In Studies on aquatic macrophytes, vol. 33. Ministry of the Environment, Province of British Columbia. 600 pp.

Warrington, P.D. 1983. Aquatic vegetation survey of the major parks, gardens and other tourist attractions of southern Vancouver Island and the Lower Fraser Valley, 1982. 25 pp. [Report. Ministry of the Environment, Province of British Columbia.]

Warrington, P.D. 1983. An introduction to: the life histories of Myriophyllum species in southwestern British Columbia. 51 pp. [Report. Ministry of the Environment, Province of British Columbia.]

Warrington, P.D. 1983. A field manual and guide to the collecting and preserving of B.C. aquatic plants. 42 pp. [Report. Ministry of the Environment, Province of British Columbia.]

Warrington, P.D. 1983. Selected control methods for aquatic weeds in British Columbia. 97 pp. [Report. Ministry of the Environment, Province of British Columbia.]

Warrington, P.D. 1984. The pH tolerance of the aquatic plants of British Columbia. Part 2. Analyses of existing British Columbia environmental data. Ministry of the Environment, Province of British Columbia. 37 pp.

Warrington, P.D. 1985. Factors associated with the distribution of Myriophyllum in British Columbia. Pages 79-94. In Proc.1st. int. symp. watermilfoil (Myriophyllum spicatum ) and related Haloragaceae species. July 23-24, Vancouver, B.C. Edited by L.W.J. Anderson. Aquatic Plant Management Society, Vicksburg, Miss. 223 pp.

Warrington, P.D. 1988. Aquatic plants of British Columbia: Common names, selected references, synonymy and classification by life-forms and habitat. 129 pp. [Report. Ministry of the Environment, Province of British Columbia.]

Warrington, P.D. 1993. Identification keys to the aquatic plants of British Columbia. 139 pp. [Report. Ministry of the Environment, Province of British Columbia.

Waser, N.M. 1993. Population structure, optimal outbreeding, and assortative mating in angiosperms. Pages173-199 in N.W. Thornhill, ed., The Natural History of Inbreeding and Outbreeding: Theoretical and Empirical Perspectives. University of Chicago Press, Chicago.

Webber, J.M., and Ball, P.W. 1980. Introgression in Canadian populations of Lycopus americanus Muhl. and L. europaeus L. (Labaitae). Rhodora 82: 281-304.

Wentworth, J. 1996.  Report on the Status in Washington of Cimicifuga elata Nutt.  Washington Natural Heritage Program.  (unpublished).

White, D.J. and G.W. Douglas. 1998. Update COSEWIC status report on Giant helleborine (Epipactis gigantea). Published report. Comm. on the Status of Endangered Wildl. in Canada, Ottawa. 15 pp.

White, D.J. and G.W. Douglas. 1998. Update COSEWIC status report on Southern maidenhair fern (Adiantum capillus-veneris). Unpublished report. Comm. on the Status of Endangered Wildl. in Canada, Ottawa. 14 pp.

White, D.J., E. Haber & C. Keddy. 1993. Invasive plants of natural habitats in Canada. Canadian Museum of Nature.

Whitlock, Cathy.  1992.  Vegetational and Climatic History of the Pacific Northwest during the last 20,000 years: Implications for understanding present-day biodiversity. Mimeo.

Wilkinson, K.  2001.  Species information: Lupinus densiflorus.  Draft report. Ministry of Environment, Lands and Parks / Garry Oak Recovery team.

Williams, John G. & Andrew E. Williams. 1983. Field Guide to Orchids of North America.  Universe Books

Williston, P. 2001.  The Botrychiaceae of Alberta.  Alberta Natural Heritage Information Centre.  Edmonton.

Y

Yole, D., Pojar, J., and Robinson, B. 1982. Ecosystem classification of the Coastal Western Hemlock Zone within the Mid Coast Timber Supply Area, Prince Rupert Forest Region, British Columbia. 190 pp. [Report. British Columbia Ministry of Forests. Smithers, B.C.]

 

Recommended citation:  Author, date, page title. In: Klinkenberg, Brian. (Editor) 2017. E-Flora BC: Electronic Atlas of the Flora of British Columbia [eflora.bc.ca]. Lab for Advanced Spatial Analysis, Department of Geography, University of British Columbia, Vancouver. [Date Accessed]

E-Flora BC: An initiative of the Spatial Data Lab, Department of Geography UBC, and the UBC Herbarium.

© Copyright 2017 E-Flora BC.