Climate Change Effects on Arctic Plant species
Aurora Research Institute Librarian
Prepared for the Canadian Botanical Association, Conservation Committee
The aim of this bibliography is to summarize research on the effects of climate change on plant life in the arctic (focusing on the North American western Arctic). The starting point for the material was the files of research licensed in the NWT through the Aurora Research Institute, and expanding outward from there. The first section focuses most closely on the effects of climate change on plant life in the western arctic, but much of the research in the files was more general than that, so there is also a section on more general climate change research (still linked to the initial idea, but not necessarily western arctic, or plant specific). Similarly, there is also a more general section on arctic plant research, still linked with the initial idea, but not necessarily climate change specific. The CBA was also interested in the issues of rare plants and invasive species in the Canadian Arctic. Climate change could be having a significant impact there, so there is a small section each on both of those topics. The specific topic of “the effects of climate change on invasive species and rare plants in the western Canadian Arctic” was a little too narrow to find anything, which is why it was broadened it to the above categories (although this provides suggestions for some future research). The idea is to summarize the research in an accessible way in order to present it to political leaders, the media, and thus the general public, to demonstrate that there are real, measurable impacts of climate warming happening right now in our own country, and what effect that may have on Canadians inside and outside of the arctic, with the hopes of generating some action.
Separate bibliographies are presented below for climate change effects on arctic plants, rare arctic plants, invasive plants in the arctic and general references on climate change.
Bibliography of Climate Change Effects on Arctic Plants
ACIA, Arctic Climate Impact Assessment (2004), Impacts of a Warming Arctic, Cambridge University Press.
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Aerts, R.;Cornelissen, J.; Dorrepaal, E. 2006.Plant performance in a warmer world: general responses of plants from cold, northern biomes and the importance of winter and spring events. Vegetatio, 182(1-2): 65-77.
Aerts, R.;Cornelissen, J.;Logtestijn, R.;Callaghan, T. 2007. Climate change has only a minor impact on nutrient resorption parameters in a high-latitude peatland. Oecologia, 151(1): 132-139.
Amiro, B.D., et al. 2001.Fire, climate change, carbon and fuel management in the Canadian boreal forest. Int. J. Wildl. Fire, 10: 405-413.
Anisimov, Oleg and Fitzharris, Blair, [eds.], J.O. Hagen et al.  Polar Regions (Arctic and Antarctic). Response of Arctic Plant Communities, p. 825-826.
Arft, A.M., et al. 1999. Responses of tundra plants to experimental warming: meta-analysis of the international tundra experiment. Ecological Monographs, 69: 491–511.
Asselin, H., Payette, S. 2006. Origin and long-term dynamics of a subarctic tree line. Écoscience, 13(2): 135-142.
Asselin, Hugo. 2005. Dynamique végétale d'une toposéquence subarctique. Interaction entre le climat et les incendies forestiers. Ph.D. thesis. Université Laval.
Ball, T.F. 1986. Historical evidence and climatic implications of a shift in the boreal forest-tundra transition central Canada. Climatic Change, 8: 121-134.
Barber, V.J., Juday, G.P., Finney, B. 2000. Reduced growth of Alaskan White Spruce in the 20th Century from temperature induced drought stress. Nature, 405: 688-673.
Baxter, Gregory James. 1995. Climate change and fire danger. Master’s Thesis, Department of Geography, University of Alberta.
Bean, David, and Henry, Greg. 2004. Climate change impacts on tundra ecosystems. CANTTEX. EMAN-North Information Centre.
Bean, David, Henry, Greg, and Rolf, Sandra. 2003. Canadian tundra and taiga experiment: ecological monitoring in the Canadian Arctic: CANTTEX field manual. [Whitehorse, YT], EMAN North.
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Bret-Hart, M.S., Shaver, G.R., Chapin, III, F.S. 2002. Primary and secondary stem growth in arctic shrubs: implications for community response to environmental change. Journal of Ecology, 90: 251-267.
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Brown, Peter. 2004. Partitioning net CO2 fluxes between the overstorey and understorey of a northern boreal forest. Master’s thesis. Trent University.
Burkett, V.R., et al. 2005. Non-linear dynamics in ecosystem response to climatic change: case studies and policy implications. Ecological complexity, 2: 357-394.
Caccianiga, M., Payette, S., 2006. Recent advance of white spruce (Picea glauca) in the coastal tundra of the eastern shore of Hudson Bay (Québec, Canada). Journal of Biogeography, 33: 2120-2135.
Calef, Monika P. et al. 2005. Analysis of vegetation distribution in Interior Alaska and sensitivity to climate change using a logistic regression approach. Journal of Biogeography, 32(5): 863-878.
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Canadian Forest Service. 2002. Climate Change and Fire and Insect Disturbances in Canada's Forest. (SSC-FO42-333/2002) Ottawa, Ontario : Canadian Forest Service.
CAVM team.2003. Circumpolar arctic vegetation maps. US Fish and Wildlife Service. http://www.geobotany.uaf.edu/cavm
Chambers, S. D. and Chapin, F. S.III. 2003. Fire effects on surface-atmosphere energy exchange in Alaskan black spruce ecosystems: Implications for feedbacks to regional climate. Journal of Geophysical Research D: Atmospheres 108(D1):FFR 1.1-1.17.
Chapin, F.S. III and G.R. Shaver. 1985. Individualistic growth response of tundra plant species to environmental manipulations in the field. Ecology. 66: 564–576.
Chapin, F.S. III, et al. (eds.) Physiological ecology of arctic plants: implications for climate change. New York, Academic Press.
Chapin, F.S. III, et al. (eds.). 1992. Arctic ecosystems in a changing climate: an ecophysiological perspective. San Diego: Academic Press.
Chapin, F.S. III, G.R. Shaver, A.E. Giblin, K.G. Nadelhoffer, and J.A. Laundre. 1995. Response of arctic tundra to experimental and observed changes in climate. Ecology 76(3) 694-711.
Chapin, F.S. III, M.S. Bret-Harte, S.E. Hobbie, and H. Zhong. 1996. Plant functional types as predictors of the transient response of arctic vegetation to global change. Journal of Vegetation Science. 7: 347–358.
Chapin, F. Stuart, III, and Shaver, Gaius R., 1996. Physiological and growth responses of arctic plants to a field experiment simulating climate change. Ecology, 77(3): 822-840.
Chapin, F.S. III and A.M. Starfield. 1997. Time lags and novel ecosystems in response to transient climatic change in arctic Alaska. Climatic Change. 35: 449–461.
Chapin , F.S. III, J.P. McFadden, and S.E. Hobbie. 1997. The role of arctic vegetation in ecosystem and global processes. In: Ecology of Arctic Environments [Woodin, S.J. and M. Marquiss (eds.)]. Blackwell Science, Oxford, United Kingdom, pp. 97–112.
Chapin, F.S. III, et al. 2000.Summer differences among arctic ecosystems in a regional climate forcing. J. Climate, 13: 2002-2010.
Chapin, F.S. III, et al. 2004. Global change and boreal forest: thresholds, shifting states or gradual change? Ambio, 33: 361-365.
Christensen, T.R., et al. 2004. Thawing sub-arctic permafrost: effects on vegetation and methane emissions. Geophys. Res. Lett. 31, L04501, doi:10.1029/2003GL018680.
Clair, Thomas A. 2000. Climate change and ecosystem research in Canada's North: a report to the Northern Ecosystem Initiative Management Team. Environment Canada Atlantic Region, occasional report No. 13.
Clarke, Karin M. 2004. Phenological growth and reproductive responses to climatic variability and experimental warming in 8 Arctic plant species. Master’s thesis, Department of Geography, University of British Columbia. ARI file# 12 402 519.
Clein, J.S. et al. 2000. Modelling carbon response of tundra ecosystems to historical and projected climate: a comparison of plot- and global-scale ecosystem models to identify process based uncertainties. Global Change Biology, 6: 127-140.
Cohen, S.J. (ed.) 1997. Mackenzie Basin Impact Study – Final report. Environment Canada, Atmospheric Environment Service.
Cornelissen, J.H.C., Callaghan, T.V., Alatalo, J.M. et al. 2001. Global change and arctic ecosystem: is lichen decline a function of increases in vascular plant biomass? Journal of Ecology, 89, 984-994.
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Crawford, R.M.M., and Abbott, R.J. 1994. Pre-adaptation of arctic plants to climate change. Botanica Acta 107: 271-278
Danby, Ryan K.,Hik, David S. 2007 Responses of white spruce (Picea glauca) to experimental warming at a subarctic alpine treeline. Global Change Biology, 13(2): 437-451.
Danby, Ryan K.,Hik, David S. 2007. Variability, contingency and rapid change in recent subarctic alpine tree line dynamics. Journal of Ecology, 95(2): 352-363.
Dormann, C. F.;Woodin, S. J. 2002. Climate change in the Arctic: using plant functional types in a meta-analysis of field experiments. Functional Ecology, 16(1): 4-17.
Dormann, Carsten F.,van der Wal, René,Woodin, Sarah J. 2004. Neighbour identity modifies effects of elevated temperature on plant performance in the High Arctic. Global Change Biology, 10(9: 1587-1598.
Dorrepaal, E., Aerts, R.,Cornelissen, J.H.C., et al. 2003. Summer warming and increased winter snow cover affect Sphagnum fuscum growth, structure and production in a sub-arctic bog. Global Change Biology, 10: 93-104.
Dorrepaal, E., et al. 2006. Sphagnum modifies climate-change impacts on subarctic vascular bog plants. Functional Ecology, 20(1): 31-41.
Edlund, S.A., B.T. Alt, and K.L. Young. 1989. Interaction of climate, vegetation, and soil hydrology at Hot Weather Creek, Fosheim Peninsula, Ellesmere Island, Northwest Territories. In: Current Research 1989-D. Ottawa: Geological Survey of Canada.
Epstein, H. E., Walker, M.D., Chapin, F.S.III, et al. 2000. A transient nutrient-based model of arctic plant community response to climate warming. Ecological Applications, 10: 824-841.
Epstein, Howard E. et al. 2004. Detecting changes in arctic tundra plant communities in response to warming over decadal time scales. Global Change Biology, 10(8): 1325-1334.
M.D. Flannigan, B.D. Amiro, K.A. Logan, B.J. Stocks and B.M. Wotton. 2005. Forest fires and climate change in the 21st century. Mitigation and Adaptation Strategies for Global Change (2005) 11: 847–859.
Fleming, R.A. and Volney, J.A. 1995. Effects of climate change on insect defoliator population processes in Canada’s boreal forest: some plausible scenarios. Water, Air, and Soil Pollution. 82: 445–454.
Fleming, R.A. 2000. Climate change and insect disturbance regimes in Canada’s boreal forests. World Resources Review, 12: 520-554.
Fosberg, M. A.,/ Stocks, B. J., and Lynham, T. J. 1996. Risk analysis in strategic planning: Fire and climate change in the boreal forest. Fire in Ecosystems of Boreal Eurasia, (Forestry sciences ; 48 ) Kluwer Academic Publishers; Boston. pp.495-504.
Gamache, Isabelle. 2003. Homogénéité génétique et hétérogénéité écologique du couvert forestier subarctique du nord du Québec face aux changements climatiques. Ph.D. thesis. Université Laval.
Gamache, I., Payette, S., 2004. Height growth response of tree line black spruce to recent climate warming across the forest-tundra of eastern Canada. Journal of Ecology, 92: 835-845.
Gamache, I., Payette, S., 2005. Latitudinal response of subarctic tree lines to recent climate change in eastern Canada. Journal of Biogeography, 32: 849-862.
Gehrke, C. et al. 1995. The impact of enhanced ultraviolet B radiation on litter quality and decomposition processes in Vaccinium leaves from the Subarctic. Oikos, 72: 213–222.
Gehrke, C. et al. 1996. Effects of enhanced ultraviolet B radiation on terrestrial subarctic ecosystems and implications for interactions with increased atmospheric CO2. Ecological Bulletin, 45: 192–203.
Gignac, L.D., B.J. Nicholson and S. E. Bayley. The utilization of bryophytes in bioclimatic modeling: present distribution of peatlands in the Mackenzie River Basin, Canada. The Bryologist, 101: 560-571
Gignac, L.D., B.J. Nicholson and S. E. Bayley. The utilization of bryophytes in bioclimatic modeling: projected northward migration of peatlands in the Mackenzie River Basin, Canada, as a result of global warming. The Bryologist, 101: 572-587.
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Gillett, N.P., et al. 2004. Detecting the effect of climate change on Canadian forest fires. Geophys. Res. Lett. 31(18): L18211, doi: 10.1092/2004GL020876.
Goetz, S.J. et al. 2005. Satellite-observed photosynthetic trends across boreal North America associated with climate and fire disturbance. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 102-38, 13521-13535
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Gorsuch, D.M., Oberbauer, S.F. 2002. Effects of mid-season frost and elevated growing season temperature on stomatal conductance and specific xylem conductivity of the arctic shrub Salix pulchra. Tree Physiology, 22: 1027-1034.
Gould, W. A., Raynolds, M., Walker, D. A. 2003. Vegetation, plant biomass, and net primary productivity patterns in the Canadian Arctic. Journal of Geophysical Research, vol. 108, no. D2, 8167, doi:10.1029/2001jd000948.
Grace, J., Berninger, F., and Nagy, L. 2002. Impacts of climate change on the tree line. Annals of Botany, 90: 537-544.
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Graglia, E., et al. 2001. Environmental control and intersite variations of phenolics in Betula nana in tundra ecosystems. New PHytologust, 151:227-236.
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* ARI file # refers to the file number used at the Aurora Research Institute, used to track research licensed in the NWT.