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BIRD REFERENCES

Adkisson, C.S. 1996. Red Crossbill (Loxia curvirostra). In The Birds of North America Online (A. Poole, Ed.). Ithaca: Cornell Lab of Ornithology. Available here.

Adkisson, C.S. 1999. Pine Grosbeak (Pinicola enucleator). In The Birds of North America Online (A. Poole, Ed.). Ithaca: Cornell Lab of Ornithology. Available here.

Ainley, D. 1995. Ashy Storm-Petrel (Oceanodroma homochroa). In The Birds of North America Online (A. Poole, Ed.). Ithaca: Cornell Lab of Ornithology. Available here.

Baicich, P.J. and C.J.O.Harrison. 1997. Nests, Eggs, and Nestlings of North American Birds, 2nd Edition. New York: Academic Press. 347 pp.

Baillie, S. and G.Monty. 2005. Checklist: Birds of Greater Nanaimo. Nanaimo: Nanaimo Field Naturalists.

Barr, J.F., C. Eberl, and J.W.McIntyre.  2000.  Red-throated loon (Gavia stellata).  In: A. Poole (ed.) The Birds of North America Online.  Cornell Lab of Ornithology, Ithaca, NY.  Available here.

Barry, J.H., C.D.Cox, and A.Jaramillo. 2006. Ducks, geese, and swans. Pages 2-42 In Alderfer, J. (ed.). 2006. Complete Birds of North America. Washington, D.C.: National Geographic Society. 696 pp.

Beadle, D. and J.Rising. 2002. Sparrows of the United States and Canada – The Photographic Guide. London: Academic Press. 328 pp.

Beason, R.C. 1995. Horned Lark (Eremophila alpestris). In: A. Poole (ed.) The Birds of North America Online.  Cornell Lab of Ornithology, Ithaca, NY.  Available here.

Benkman, C.W. 2007. Red Crossbill types in Colorado: their ecology, evolution, and distribution. Colorado Birds, 41(3):153-163.

Benkman, C.W., J.W.Smith, P.C.Keenan, T.L.Parchman, and L.Santisteban. 2009. A new species of the Red Crossbill (Fringillidae: Loxia) from Idaho. The Condor, 111(1):169-176.

Bildstein, K.L. and K.Meyer. 2000. Sharp-shinned Hawk (Accipiter striatus). In The Birds of North America Online (A. Poole, Ed.). Ithaca: Cornell Lab of Ornithology. Available here.

Birdlife International. 2009. Birdlife International. Available here.

Bookhout, T.A. 1995. Yellow Rail (Coturnicops noveboracensis). In The Birds of North America Online (A. Poole, Ed.). Ithaca: Cornell Lab of Ornithology. Available here.

Bradshaw, J. 2007. Heermann's Gull at Harrison Hot Springs, British Columbia. Wildlife Afield, 4:85.

Braun, C.E., K.Martin, and L.A.Robb. 1993. White-tailed Ptarmigan (Lagopus leucura). In The Birds of North America Online (A. Poole, Ed.). Ithaca: Cornell Lab of Ornithology. Available here.

Brown, C.R. 1997. Purple Martin (Progne subis). In The Birds of North America Online (A. Poole, Ed.). Ithaca: Cornell Lab of Ornithology. Available here.

Byrd, G.V. and J.C.Williams. 1993. Red-legged Kittiwake (Rissa brevirostris). In The Birds of North America Online (A. Poole, Ed.). Ithaca: Cornell Lab of Ornithology. Available here.

Campbell, R.W., N.K.Dawe, I.McTaggart-Cowan, J.M.Cooper, G.W.Kaiser, and M.C.E.McNall. 1990a. The Birds of British Columbia – Volume 1 (Introduction; Loons through Waterfowl). Victoria: Royal British Columbia Museum. 514 pp.

Campbell, R.W., N.K.Dawe, I.McTaggart-Cowan, J.M.Cooper, G.W.Kaiser, and M.C.E.McNall. 1990b. The Birds of British Columbia – Volume 2 (Diurnal Birds of Prey through Woodpeckers). Victoria: Royal British Columbia Museum. 636 pp.

Campbell, R.W., N.K.Dawe, I.McTaggart-Cowan, J.M.Cooper, G.W.Kaiser, M.C.E. McNall, and G.E.J.Smith. 1997. The Birds of British Columbia – Volume 3 (Passerines: Flycatchers through Vireos). Vancouver: UBC Press. 693 pp.

Campbell, R.W., N.K.Dawe, I.McTaggart-Cowan, J.M.Cooper, G.W.Kaiser, A.C. Stewart, and M.C.E.McNall. 2001. The Birds of British Columbia – Volume 4 (Wood-warblers through Old World Sparrows). Vancouver: UBC Press. 739 pp.

Campbell, R.W., M.I.Preston, S.G.Sealy, B.Hansen, and M.G.Shepard. 2007. Featured species – Heermann's Gull. Wildlife Afield, 3(2):152-204.

Campbell, R.W., S.G.Sealy, T.R.Wahl, and R.P.Walker. 2008. Status of Red-legged Kittiwake (Rissa brevirostris) in British Columbia with notes on its occurrence in Canada and the continental United States. Wildlife Afield, 5(1): 3-11.

Cannings, R.A., R.J.Cannings, and S.G.Cannings. 1987. Birds of the Okanagan Valley, British Columbia. Victoria: Royal British Columbia Museum. 420 pp.

Cannings, R.J. 1995. Status of the Gray Flycatcher in British Columbia. Ministry of Environment, Lands, and Parks; Wildlife Branch. Wildlife Bulletin No. B-76.

Cannings, R.J., C.Charlesworth, C.Siddle, and D.Cecile. 2008. Checklist of the Birds of the Okanagan Valley. Penticton: South Okanagan Naturalists Club.

Carboneras, C. 1992. Family Anatidae (Ducks, Geese, and Swans). In Handbook of Birds of the World, Volume 1 (Ostrich to Ducks). Barcelona: Lynx Edicions. 696 pp.

Chochi, M., Y.Niizuma, and M.Takagi. 2002. Sexual differences in the external measurements of Black-tailed Gulls breeding on Rishiri Island, Japan. Ornithological Science, 1:163-166.

Chesser, R.T., R.C.Banks, F.K.Barker, C.Cicero, J.L.Dunn, A.W.Kratter, I.J.Lovette, P.C.Rasmussen, J.V.Remsen, Jr., J.D.Rising, D.F.Stotz, and K.Winker. 2010. Fifty-first supplement of the American Ornithologists' Union Check-list of North American birds. The Auk 127(3):726-744.

Christensen, G.C. 1996. Chukar (Alectoris chukar). In The Birds of North America Online (A. Poole, Ed.). Ithaca: Cornell Lab of Ornithology. Available here.

Cimprich, D.A. and F.R. Moore. 1995. Gray Catbird (Dumetella carolinensis). In The Birds of North America Online (A. Poole, Ed.). Ithaca: Cornell Lab of Ornithology. Available here.

Cooper, J.M., C.Siddle, and G.Davidson. 1998. Status of the Lewis' Woodpecker (Melanerpes lewis) in British Columbia. Victoria: Ministry of Environment, Lands, and Parks. Wildlife Working Report No.WR-91. 23 pp.

COSEWIC. 2000. COSEWIC assessment and update status report on the Sage Thrasher Oreoscoptes montanus in Canada, Committee on the Status of Endangered Wildlife in Canada. Ottawa. vii + 21 pp.

COSEWIC. 2003. COSEWIC assessment and status report on the Short-tailed Albatross Phoebastria albatrus in Canada. Committee on the Status of Endangered Wildlife in Canada. Ottawa. vi + 25 pp.

COSEWIC. 2004. COSEWIC assessment and status report on the Pink-footed Shearwater Puffinus creatopus in Canada. Committee on the Status of Endangered Wildlife in Canada. Ottawa. vii + 22 pp.

COSEWIC. 2005. COSEWIC assessment and status report on the Williamson's Sapsucker Sphyrapicus thyroideus in Canada. Committee on the Status of Endangered Wildlife in Canada. Ottawa. vii + 45 pp.

COSEWIC. 2007. COSEWIC assessment and update status report on the Prothonotary Warbler Protonotaria citrea in Canada. Committee on the Status of Endangered Wildlife in Canada. Ottawa. vii + 31 pp.

COSEWIC. 2009. COSEWIC assessment and status report on the Horned Grebe Podiceps auritus (western population; Magdalen Islands population) in Canada. Committee on the Status of Endangered Wildlife in Canada. Ottawa. vii + 42 pp.

Cox, C. and J.Barry. 2005. Aging of American and Eurasian Wigeons in female-type plumages. Birding, 37(2):156-164.

Curson, J., D.Quinn, and D.Beadle. 1994. Warblers of the Americas. Boston: Houghton Mifflin Company. 252 pp.

Curtis, O.E., R.N.Rosenfield, and J.Bielefeldt. 2006. Cooper's Hawk (Accipiter cooperii). In The Birds of North America Online (A. Poole, Ed.). Ithaca: Cornell Lab of Ornithology. Available here.

Davis, J.N. 1995. Hutton's Vireo (Vireo huttoni). In The Birds of North America Online (A. Poole, Ed.). Ithaca: Cornell Lab of Ornithology. Available here.

Davis, Jr., W.E. and J.A.Kushlan. 1994. Green Heron (Butorides virescens). In The Birds of North America Online (A. Poole, Ed.). Ithaca: Cornell Lab of Ornithology; Available here.

Dittmann, D.L. and S.W.Cardiff. 2006. Nighthawks and nightjars. Pages 335-340 In Alderfer, J. (ed.). 2006. Complete Birds of North America. Washington, D.C.: National Geographic Society. 696 pp.

Dixon, R.D. and V.A.Saab. 2000. Black-backed Woodpecker (Picoides arcticus). In The Birds of North America Online (A. Poole, Ed.). Ithaca: Cornell Lab of Ornithology. Available here.

Dobbs, R.C., T.E.Martin, and C.J.Conway. 1997. Williamson's Sapsucker (Sphyrapicus thyroideus). In The Birds of North America Online (A. Poole, Ed.). Ithaca: Cornell Lab of Ornithology. Available here.

Dorst, A. 2002. Birds of the West Coast of Vancouver Island, British Columbia. Victoria: Wild Bird Trust.

Douglas, S.D. and T.E. Reimchen.  1988.  Reproductive phenology and early survivorship in Red-throated Loons, Gavia stellata.  Canadian Field-Naturalist 102(4):701-704.

Duncan, J.R. and P.A.Duncan. 1998. Northern Hawk Owl (Surnia ulula). In The Birds of North America Online (A. Poole, Ed.). Ithaca: Cornell Lab of Ornithology; Available here.

Dunn, J.L. and K.L.Garrett. 1997. Warblers of North America. New York: Houghton Mifflin. 656 pp.

Environment Canada. 2008. Recovery Strategy for the Short-tailed Albatross (Phoebastria albatrus) and the Pink-footed Shearwater (Puffinus creatopus) in Canada. Species at Risk Act Recovery Strategy Series. Environment Canada, Ottawa. vii + 46 pp.

Federation of Alberta Naturalists. 2007. The Atlas of Breeding Birds of Alberta: A Second Look. Edmonton: Federation of Alberta Naturalists. 626 pp.

Fenneman, J. and N.Hentze. 2007. Checklist of Comox Valley Birds. Courtenay: Comox Valley Naturalists Society.

Fenneman, J. and R.Toochin. 2006. The occurrence and identification of King Eider in British Columbia. British Columbia Bird Information website. Available here.

Fraser, D.F. and L.R.Ramsay. 1996. Status of the Green Heron in British Columbia. Victoria: Ministry of Environment, Lands, and Parks. Wildlife Working Report No. WR-78.

Fraser, D.F., W.L.Harper, S.G.Cannings, and J.M.Cooper. 1999. Rare birds of British Columbia. Wildl. Branch and Resour. Inv. Branch, B.C. Minist. Environ., Lands and Parks, Victoria, BC. 244pp.

Fraser, D.F., C.Siddle, D.Copley, and E.Walters. 1997. Status of the Purple Martin in British Columbia. B.C. Minist. Environment, Lands and Parks, Wildlife Branch. Wildlife Working Report, No. WR-89. 38pp.

Garrett, K.L. 2006. Swifts. Pages 341-346 In Alderfer, J. (ed.). 2006. Complete Birds of North America. Washington, D.C.: National Geographic Society. 696 pp.

Garry Oak Recovery Team. 2003. Field Manual - Species at Risk in Garry Oak and Associated Ecosystems in British Columbia. Available here.

Gaston, A.J. and J.M.Hipfner. 2000. Thick-billed Murre (Uria lomvia). In The Birds of North America Online (A. Poole, Ed.). Ithaca: Cornell Lab of Ornithology. Available here.

Gates, B.R. 2001.Victoria and Southeastern Vancouver Island – Checklist of Birds. Victoria: Victoria Natural History Socoiety.

Gebauer, M.. 2004. Sage Thrasher (Oreoscoptes montanus). Accounts and Measures for Managing Identified Wildlife. B.C. Ministry of the Environment, Victoria, B.C. 10 pp.

Georgia Basin Ecological Assessment and Restoration Society. 2009. BC Purple Martin stewardship and recovery program. Available here.

Gill, F.B., R.A.Canterbury, and J.L.Confer. 2001. Blue-winged Warbler (Vermivora pinus). In The Birds of North America Online (A. Poole, Ed.). Ithaca: Cornell Lab of Ornithology. Available here.

Gill, R.E., P.S.Tomkovich, and B.J.Mccaffery. 2002. Rock Sandpiper (Calidris ptilocnemis). In The Birds of North America Online (A. Poole, Ed.). Ithaca: Cornell Lab of Ornithology. Available here.

Greenfield, T. 1997. Birds of the Sunshine Coast – A Checklist. Surrey: Ministry of Environment, Lands and Parks; British Columbia Wildlife Watch.

Greenfield, T. 1998. Birds observed along the Sikanni Chief River, north-eastern British Columbia 1992-1997. British Columbia Birds, 8:3-18.

Gross, D.A. and P.E.Lowther. 2001. Yellow-bellied Flycatcher (Empidonax flaviventris). In The Birds of North America Online (A. Poole, Ed.). Ithaca: Cornell Lab of Ornithology. Available here.

Groth, J. 1996. Crossbills audiovisual guide. Online publication, American Museum of Natural History. Available here.

Grubb, Jr., T. C. and V. V. Pravosudov. 2008. White-breasted Nuthatch (Sitta carolinensis). In The Birds of North America Online (A. Poole, Ed.). Ithaca: Cornell Lab of Ornithology. Available here.

Gyug, L.W., I.P.Ojanjanian, C.Steeger, I.A.Manley, and P.W.Davidson. Distribution and density of Williamson's Sapsucker in British Columbia. British Columbia Birds, 16: 2-15.

Hall, G.A. 1996. Yellow-throated Warbler (Dendroica dominica). In The Birds of North America Online (A. Poole, Ed.). Ithaca: Cornell Lab of Ornithology. Available here.

Hamel, P. and M.Hearne. 2002. Haida Gwaii/Queen Charlotte Islands - Checklist of Birds. 8 pp.

Harrap, S. and D.Quinn. 1995. Chickadees, Tits, Nuthatches, and Treecreepers. New Jersey: Princeton University Press. 464 pp.

Harrison, P. 1983. Seabirds – An Identification Guide. Boston: Houghton Mifflin Company. 448 pp.

Hatler, D.F., R.W.Campbell, and A.Dorst. 1978. Birds of Pacific Rim National Park. Victoria: British Columbia Provincial Museum, Occasional Paper No.20. 194 pp.

Hayman, P., J.Marchant, and T.Prater. 1986. Shorebirds – An Identification Guide. Boston: Houghton Mifflin Company. 412 pp.

Hayward, J.L. and N.A.Verbeek. 2008. Glaucous-winged Gull (Larus glaucescens). In The Birds of North America Online (A. Poole, Ed.). Ithaca: Cornell Lab of Ornithology. Available here.

Hess, P. 2006. Chickadees and titmice. Pages 441-448 In Alderfer, J. (ed.). 2006. Complete Birds of North America. Washington, D.C.: National Geographic Society. 696 pp.

Hill, G.E. 1995. Black-headed Grosbeak (Pheucticus melanocephalus). In The Birds of North America Online (A. Poole, Ed.). Ithaca: Cornell Lab of Ornithology. Available here.

Hooper, T.D. 1997. Status of the Upland Sandpiper in the Chilcotin-Cariboo region in British Columbia. Victoria: Ministry of Environment, Lands, and Parks. Wildlife Working Report No. WR-86.

Houston, C.S. and D.E.Bowen, Jr. 2001. Upland Sandpiper (Bartramia longicauda). In The Birds of North America Online (A. Poole, Ed.). Ithaca: Cornell Lab of Ornithology. Available here.

Howell, S.N.G. 2002. Hummingbirds of North America – The Photographic Guide. London: Academic Press. 219 pp.

Howell, S.N.G. and J.Dunn. 2007. Gulls of the Americas. Boston: Houghton Mifflin Company. 516 pp.

Howell, S.N.G. and A.Jaramillo. 2006. Skuas, gulls, terns, and skimmers. Pages 234-279 In Alderfer, J. (ed.). 2006. Complete Birds of North America. Washington, D.C.: National Geographic Society. 696 pp.

Howie, R. 2004. Birds of Kamloops – Checklist and Status. Kamloops: Aspen Park Consulting.

Hughes, J.M. 1999. Yellow-billed Cuckoo (Coccyzus americanus). In The Birds of North America Online (A. Poole, Ed.). Ithaca: Cornell Lab of Ornithology. Available here.

Islam, K. 2002. Heermann's Gull (Larus heermanni). In The Birds of North America Online (A. Poole, Ed.). Ithaca: Cornell Lab of Ornithology. Available here.

Jaramillo, A. 2006. Blackbirds. Pages 607-625 In Alderfer, J. (ed.). 2006. Complete Birds of North America. Washington, D.C.: National Geographic Society. 696 pp.

Jones, I. 1993. Least Auklet (Aethia pusilla). In The Birds of North America Online (A. Poole, Ed.). Ithaca: Cornell Lab of Ornithology. Available here.

Jones, P.W. and T.M.Donovan. 1996. Hermit Thrush (Catharus guttatus). In The Birds of North America Online (A. Poole, Ed.). Ithaca: Cornell Lab of Ornithology. Available here.

Kennedy, E.D. and D.W.White. 1997. Bewick's Wren (Thryomanes bewickii). In The Birds of North America Online (A. Poole, Ed.). Ithaca: Cornell Lab of Ornithology. Available here.

Kenyon, J.K., K.H.Morgan, M.D.Bentley, L.A.McFarlane Tranquilla, and K.E.Moore. 2009. Atlas of Pelagic Seabirds off the West Coast of Canada and Adjacent Areas. Technical Report Series No.499. Canadian Wildlife Service, Pacific and Yukon Region, British Columbia. xiii + 308 pp.

Kingery, H.E. 1996. American Dipper (Cinclus mexicanus). In The Birds of North America Online (A. Poole, Ed.). Ithaca: Cornell Lab of Ornithology. Available here.

Klima, J. and J.R.Jehl, Jr. 1998. Stilt Sandpiper (Calidris himantopus). In The Birds of North America Online (A. Poole, Ed.). Ithaca: Cornell Lab of Ornithology. Available here.

Knox, A.G. and P.E.Lowther. 2000. Hoary Redpoll (Carduelis hornemanni). In The Birds of North America Online (A. Poole, Ed.). Ithaca: Cornell Lab of Ornithology. Available here.

Kren, J. and A.C.Zoerb. 1997. Northern Wheatear (Oenanthe oenanthe). In The Birds of North America Online (A. Poole, Ed.). Ithaca: Cornell Lab of Ornithology. Available here.

Leukering, T. 2006. Thrushes. Pages 477-493 In Alderfer, J. (ed.). 2006. Complete Birds of North America. Washington, D.C.: National Geographic Society. 696 pp.

Lowther, P.E. 2005. Le Conte's Sparrow (Ammodramus leconteii). In The Birds of North America Online (A. Poole, Ed.). Ithaca: Cornell Lab of Ornithology. Available here.

Lowther, P.E. and C.T.Collins. 2002. Black Swift (Cypseloides niger). In The Birds of North America Online (A. Poole, Ed.). Ithaca: Cornell Lab of Ornithology. Available here.

Lowther, P.E., D.E.Kroodsma, and G.H.Farley. 2000. Rock Wren (Salpinctes obsoletus). In The Birds of North America Online (A. Poole, Ed.). Ithaca: Cornell Lab of Ornithology. Available here.

Lowther, P.E., A.F.Poole, J.P.Gibbs, S.Melvin, and F.A.Reid. 2009. American Bittern (Botaurus lentiginosus). In The Birds of North America Online (A. Poole, Ed.). Ithaca: Cornell Lab of Ornithology. Available here.

Lyon, B. amd R.Montgomerie. 1995a. Snow Bunting (Plectrophenax nivalis). In The Birds of North America Online (A. Poole, Ed.). Ithaca: Cornell Lab of Ornithology. Available here.

Lyon, B. amd R.Montgomerie. 1995b. McKay's Bunting (Plectrophenax hyperboreus). In The Birds of North America Online (A. Poole, Ed.). Ithaca: Cornell Lab of Ornithology. Available here.

Mack, D.E. and W.Yong. 2000. Swainson's Thrush (Catharus ustulatus). In The Birds of North America Online (A. Poole, Ed.). Ithaca: Cornell Lab of Ornithology. Available here.

Mackenzie Nature Observatory. 2009. Checklist of Birds of Mackenzie and Area. Mackenzie: Mackenzie Nature Observatory.

Madge, S. and P.McGowan. Pheasants, Partridges, and Grouse. New Jersey: Princeton University Press. 488 pp.

McCallum, D.A., R.Grundel, and D.L.Dahlsten. 1999. Mountain Chickadee (Poecile gambeli). In The Birds of North America Online (A. Poole, Ed.). Ithaca: Cornell Lab of Ornithology. Available here.

McDonald, M.V. 1998. Kentucky Warbler (Oporornis formosus). In The Birds of North America Online (A. Poole, Ed.). Ithaca: Cornell Lab of Ornithology. Available here.

McKay, B.D. 2008. Phenotypic variation is clinal in the Yellow-throated Warbler. The Condor, 110(3): 569-574.

Monty, G. 2005. Parksville-Qualicum Beach Area Bird Checklist. Parksville: Arrowsmith Naturalists.

Mowbray, T.B. 1997. Swamp Sparrow (Melospiza georgiana). In The Birds of North America Online (A. Poole, Ed.). Ithaca: Cornell Lab of Ornithology. Available here.

Mowbray, T.B. 1999. American Wigeon (Anas americana). In The Birds of North America Online (A. Poole, Ed.). Ithaca: Cornell Lab of Ornithology. Available here.

Nelson, S.K. 1997. Marbled Murrelet (Brachyramphus marmoratus). In The Birds of North America Online (A. Poole, Ed.). Ithaca: Cornell Lab of Ornithology. Available here.

Olsen, K.M. and H.Larsson. 1997. Skuas and Jaegers: A Guide to Skuas and Jaegers of the World. New Haven: Yale University Press. 190 pp.

Onley, D. and P.Scofield. 2007. Albatrosses, Petrels, and Shearwaters of the World. New Jersey: Princeton University Press. 256 pp.

Oring, L.W., E.M.Gray, and J.M.Reed. 1997. Spotted Sandpiper (Actitis macularius). In The Birds of North America Online (A. Poole, Ed.). Ithaca: Cornell Lab of Ornithology. Available here.

Paulson, D. 1993. Shorebirds of the Pacific Northwest. Seattle: University of Washington Press. 406 pp.

Paulson, D. 2005. Shorebirds of North America: The Photographic Guide. New Jersey : Princeton University Press. 384 pp.

Petit, L.J. 1999. Prothonotary Warbler (Protonotaria citrea). In The Birds of North America Online (A. Poole, Ed.). Ithaca: Cornell Lab of Ornithology. Available here.

Pitocchelli, J., J.Bouchie, and D.Jones. 1997. Connecticut Warbler (Oporornis agilis). In The Birds of North America Online (A. Poole, Ed.). Ithaca: Cornell Lab of Ornithology; Available here.

Prince George Naturalists Club. 2002. Checklist of North-Central B.C. Birds. Prince George: Prince George Naturalists Club.

Power, H.W. and M.P.Lombardo. 1996. Mountain Bluebird (Sialia currucoides). In The Birds of North America Online (A. Poole, Ed.). Ithaca: Cornell Lab of Ornithology; Available here.

Pyle, P. 1997. Identification Guide to North American Birds – Part 1. Bolinas, CA: Slate Creek Press. 732 pp.

Pyle, P. 2008. Identification Guide to North American Birds – Part 2. Bolinas, CA: Slate Creek Press. 836 pp.

Reed, A., D.H.Ward, D.V.Derksen, and J.S.Sedinger. 1998. Brant (Branta bernicla). In The Birds of North America Online (A. Poole, Ed.). Ithaca: Cornell Lab of Ornithology. Available here.

Reynolds, T.D., T.D.Rich, and D.A.Stephens. 1999. Sage Thrasher (Oreoscoptes montanus). In The Birds of North America Online (A. Poole, Ed.). Ithaca: Cornell Lab of Ornithology. Available here.

Robinson, T.R., R.R.Sargent, and M.B.Sargent. 1996. Ruby-throated Hummingbird (Archilochus colubris). In The Birds of North America Online (A. Poole, Ed.). Ithaca: Cornell Lab of Ornithology. Available here.

Rosenberg, G.H. 2006a. Wagtails and pipits. Pages 506-511 In Alderfer, J. (ed.). 2006. Complete Birds of North America. Washington, D.C.: National Geographic Society. 696 pp.

Rosenberg, G.H. 2006b. Fringilline and Cardueline finches. Pages 626-641 In Alderfer, J. (ed.). 2006. Complete Birds of North America. Washington, D.C.: National Geographic Society. 696 pp.

Rotenberry, J.T., M.A.Patten, and K.L.Preston. 1999. Brewer's Sparrow (Spizella breweri). In The Birds of North America Online (A. Poole, Ed.). Ithaca: Cornell Lab of Ornithology. Available here.

Russell, S.M. 1996. Anna's Hummingbird (Calypte anna). In The Birds of North America Online (A. Poole, Ed.). Ithaca: Cornell Lab of Ornithology. Available here.

Senner, S.E. and B.J.McCaffery. 1997. Surfbird (Aphriza virgata). In The Birds of North America Online (A. Poole, Ed.). Ithaca: Cornell Lab of Ornithology. Available here.

Sibley, D.A. 2000. The Sibley Guide to Birds. New York: Alfred A. Knopf. 544 pp.

Sinclair, P.H., W.A.Nixon, C.D.Eckert, and N.L.Hughes (eds.). 2003. Birds of the Yukon Territory. Vancouver: UBC Press. 595 pp.

Sloane, S.A. 2001. Bushtit (Psaltriparus minimus). In The Birds of North America Online (A. Poole, Ed.). Ithaca: Cornell Lab of Ornithology. Available here.

Squires, J.R. and R.T.Reynolds. 1997. Northern Goshawk (Accipiter gentilis). In The Birds of North America Online (A. Poole, Ed.). Ithaca: Cornell Lab of Ornithology. Available here.

Stedman, S.J. 2000. Horned Grebe (Podiceps auritus). In The Birds of North America Online (A. Poole, Ed.). Ithaca: Cornell Lab of Ornithology. Available here.

Sterling, J.C. 1999. Gray Flycatcher (Empidonax wrightii). In The Birds of North America Online (A. Poole, Ed.). Ithaca: Cornell Lab of Ornithology. Available here.

Stewart, A.C. 2003. Observations of nest predation by Cooper's Hawks on Vancouver Island, British Columbia. British Columbia Birds, 13:7-8.

Stouffer, P.C. and R.T.Chesser. 1998. Tropical Kingbird (Tyrannus melancholicus). In The Birds of North America Online (A. Poole, Ed.). Ithaca: Cornell Lab of Ornithology. Available here.

Sullivan, B. 2006a. Albatrosses. Pages 66-70 In Alderfer, J. (ed.). 2006. Complete Birds of North America. Washington, D.C.: National Geographic Society. 696 pp.

Sullivan, B. 2006b. Storm-Petrels. Pages 87-93 In Alderfer, J. (ed.). 2006. Complete Birds of North America. Washington, D.C.: National Geographic Society. 696 pp.

Suydam, R.S. 2000. King Eider (Somateria spectabilis). In The Birds of North America Online (A. Poole, Ed.). Ithaca: Cornell Lab of Ornithology. Available here.

Taylor, C. 2006. Hawks, kites, eagles, and allies. Pages 130-152 In Alderfer, J. (ed.). 2006. Complete Birds of North America. Washington, D.C.: National Geographic Society. 696 pp.

Tobalske, B.W. 1997. Lewis's Woodpecker (Melanerpes lewis). In The Birds of North America Online (A. Poole, Ed.). Ithaca: Cornell Lab of Ornithology. Available here.

Toochin, R. 2008a. Seasonal Status of the Birds for the Vancouver Region. Available here.

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Please cite these pages as:

Author, date, page title. In:   Klinkenberg, Brian. (Editor) 2018. E-Fauna BC: Electronic Atlas of the Fauna of British Columbia [www.efauna.bc.ca]. Lab for Advanced Spatial Analysis, Department of Geography, University of British Columbia, Vancouver. [Date Accessed]

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