UNIT 68 - IMPLEMENTATION STRATEGIES FOR LARGE ORGANIZATIONS

UNIT 68 - IMPLEMENTATION STRATEGIES FOR LARGE ORGANIZATIONS

A map of a local National Forest, plus descriptions of its resources and management activities would provide a useful illustration for this unit.

UNIT 68 - IMPLEMENTATION STRATEGIES FOR LARGE ORGANIZATIONS

A. INTRODUCTION

B. LOCATION WITHIN THE ORGANIZATION

C. MULTIPARTICIPANT PROJECTS

Issues for multiparticipant projects

D. US FOREST SERVICE EXAMPLE

Organization

E. EARLY GIS ACTIVITIES

San Juan National Forest

Flathead National Forest

Summary

Other technical issues

F. 1984/5 FUNCTIONAL REQUIREMENTS STUDIES

Siuslaw National Forest FRS

G. THE NATIONAL GIS PLAN

Objectives of the GIS

H. COMPONENTS OF THE PLAN

1. Information Base and Structure

2. Organizational Readiness

3. Technology Procurement

4. External Coordination

5. Implementation

REFERENCES

Forrest, E., G.E. Montgomery, G.M. Juhl, 1990. Intelligent Infrastructure Workbook: A Management-Level Primer on GIS, A-E-C Automation Newsletter, PO BOX 18418, Fountain Hills, AZ 85269-8418. Describes issues in developing management support during project planning and suggests strategies for successful adoption of a project.

Parker, D., 1990. "Forest Service GIS Update: Commentary," GIS World Vol 3(3):71. An interesting comment on the progress of the Forest Service GIS procurement plan.

Somers, R., 1990. "Where do you place the GIS?", GIS World Vol 3(2):38-39.

Tomlinson Associates, Inc., 1985. Advanced Geographic Information Systems Workloads Analysis, US Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Washington DC.

US Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, 1988. National GIS Plan, Washington, DC

EXAM AND DISCUSSION QUESTIONS

1. Summarize the Forest Service's "vision" for a national GIS to manage corporate information.

2. In what ways does the Forest Service plan differ from previously discussed principles of GIS implementation? What do you see as its strong and weak points?

3. Summarize the factors which might explain the extreme differences in the status of GIS implementation across the Forest Service circa 1985.

4. Describe the impact of the Forest Service plan on the day-to-day activities of its managers and decision-makers. In what ways does the plan attempt to anticipate and deal with these impacts?

5. A public agency like the Forest Service must continually guard against the accusation that its decisions are "arbitrary and capricious" in the way they affect Forest users, leaseholders etc. In what ways will the implementation of the GIS plan make this accusation more or less appropriate?


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