UNIT 56 - DEMOGRAPHIC AND NETWORK APPLICATIONS

UNIT 56 - DEMOGRAPHIC AND NETWORK APPLICATIONS

Compiled with assistance from David Cowen, University of South Carolina

  • A. INTRODUCTION
  • B. MARKETING, RETAILING AND ELECTORAL REDISTRICTING
  • C. EXAMPLE - REDISTRICTING
  • D. VEHICLE ROUTING AND SCHEDULING
  • E. EXAMPLE - VEHICLE NAVIGATION SYSTEMS
  • F. HIGHWAYS PLANNING AND MANAGEMENT
  • REFERENCES
  • EXAM AND DISCUSSION QUESTIONS
  • NOTES

    UNIT 56 - COMMERCIAL APPLICATIONS

    Compiled with assistance from David Cowen, University of South Carolina

    A. INTRODUCTION

    B. MARKETING, RETAILING AND ELECTORAL REDISTRICTING

    Characteristics of application area

    Types of applications

    Organizations

    C. EXAMPLE - REDISTRICTING

    Background

    Objectives

    Technical requirements

    Current districts

    Redistricting

    Proposals

    D. VEHICLE ROUTING AND SCHEDULING

    Technology

    Databases

    Functionality

    Data quality

    E. EXAMPLE - VEHICLE NAVIGATION SYSTEMS

    F. HIGHWAYS PLANNING AND MANAGEMENT

    REFERENCES

    Briggs, D.W., and B.V. Charfield, 1987. "Integrated highway information systems," NCHRP Synthesis 133, Transportation Research Board, National Research Council, Washington, DC.

    Fletcher, D., 1987. "Modeling GIS Transportation Networks," Proceedings of URISA 1988, Los Angeles, CA, Vol. 2:84-92.

    Golden, B.L. and L. Bodin, 1986. "Microcomputer-based vehicle routing and scheduling software," Computers and Operations Research 13:277-85. Reviews the availability of network analysis modules for microcomputers.

    Jones, K. and J.W. Simmons, 1987. Location, Location, Location: Analyzing the Retail Environment, Methuen, New York. A recent volume on spatial analysis techniques in retailing.

    Krakiwsky, E.J., H.A. Karimi, C. Harris, J. George, 1987. "Research into electronic maps and automatic vehicle location," Proceedings AutoCarto 8, Baltimore, MD, pp. 572-583.

    McGranaghan, M., D.M. Mark and M.D. Gould, 1987. "Automated provision of navigation assistance to drivers," The American Cartographer 14:121-38. Reviews current technology and examines the issues in design of effective user interfaces.

    Nyerges, T.L., and K.J. Dueker, 1988. "Geographic Information Systems in Transportation," US Department of Transportation, Washington, DC. Report describes the potential use of GIS in State Transportation offices and the types of data and functionality that would be required.

    H.W. Taylor, W.R. Code and M.F. Goodchild, 1986. "A housing stock model for school population forecasting," Professional Geographer 38:279-85

    White, M., 1987. "Digital map requirements of vehicle navigation," ," Proceedings AutoCarto 8, Baltimore, MD, pp. 552-561.

    EXAM AND DISCUSSION QUESTIONS

    1. Examine recent copies of American Demographics and discuss what they reveal about the significance of GIS and GPS in this application area

    2. Discuss the importance of geographic scale in retailing and marketing studies. Make a list of various types of retailing and discuss the appropriate geographic scales in each case

    3. At this date (1990) there is no current national street database of the US, although TIGER is a substantial approximation. Discuss the advantages of such a database, possible reasons why it has not been developed, and alternative methods for obtaining street data for retail analysis.

    4. Review the Golden and Bodin article in the references. How would you structure a GIS to interface with the software reviewed there? What data models are appropriate for these applications?


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