UNIT 53 - URBAN PLANNING AND MANAGEMENT APPLICATIONS

UNIT 53 - URBAN PLANNING AND MANAGEMENT APPLICATIONS

The slide set contains eight slides (#53 to 60) to illustrate this unit.

UNIT 53 - URBAN PLANNING AND MANAGEMENT APPLICATIONS

A. INTRODUCTION

Characteristics of applications

Adoption Organizations

B. EXAMPLE - ASSESSING COMMUNITY HAZARDS

Anticipatory hazard management

Hazard zone geometries

US Superfund Amendments and Reauthorization Act

Case study

C. DATABASE

Hazardous materials

Demographic information

Urban infrastructure

Physiography

D. ANALYSIS

Simple spatial analysis

Cartographic modeling

Risk assessment model

E. POTENTIAL IMPROVEMENTS TO MODEL

REFERENCES

Johnson, J.H. Jr. and D.J. Zeigler, 1986. "Evacuation planning for technological hazards," Cities (May) 148-56. Source article on hazard zone geometries.

McMaster, R.B., 1988. "Modeling community vulnerability to hazardous materials using geographic information systems," Proceedings, Third International Symposium on Spatial Data Handling, Sydney, Australia, International

Geographical Union, Commission on Geographical Data Sensing and Processing, Columbus, OH, pp 143-56. Detailed description of the Santa Monica study.

Zeigler, D.J., J.H. Johnson Jr. and S. Brunn, 1983. Technological Hazards, Association of American Geographers, Washington DC. Reviews the spatial perspective on hazards.

EXAM AND DISCUSSION QUESTIONS

1. Discuss the possible roles of GIS in hazard management, including long-term planning, detailed evacuation planning and management of an actual incident. What GIS functions and data models are most relevant to each role, and what problems can you foresee?

2. Discuss the role of the time dimension in the Santa Monica study. How frequently should the study be updated? What arrangements would be needed to ensure that the database remains valid in the future?

3. The Santa Monica study integrates decision-making and data collection at the city level. Discuss the advantages and disadvantages of organizing hazard management at each level of administrative organization - city, county, state and national. What would you recommend as an optimum level?

4. Discuss the relative advantages of raster and vector models for anticipatory hazard management, using the Santa Monica study as an example.


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